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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT BACKGROUND INFORMATION............................................................................... 46 The Olympic World................................................................................................. 47 Host Cities for the Olympic Games................................................................ 48 Bigger and Bigger: The Olympic Sports Programmes......................... 50 BREAKING THROUGH BARRIERS: WOMEN IN THE OLYMPIC GAMES....................................................................... 52 BODY, WILL AND MIND: PARALYMPIC ATHLETES......................................... 54 WELCOMING THE WORLD: ORGANISING AN OLYMPIC GAMES..................................................................... 56 TAKING CARE OF YOUR GUESTS: THE OLYMPIC VILLAGE...................... 58 PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT....................................................................... 60 DEFINING YOUR IDENTITY: LOGOS AND MASCOTS.................................... 62 SOLVING YOUR PROBLEMS: OLYMPIC CHALLENGES.............................. 63 THE LONG ROAD TO VICTORY: AN ATHLETE'S STORY ( Dan Jansen, USA)........................................................ 64 " THE GOAL OF OLYMPISM IS TO PLACE EVERYWHERE SPORT AT THE SERVICE OF THE HARMONIOUS DEVELOPMENT OF MAN, WITH A VIEW TO ENCOURAGING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A PEACEFUL SOCIETY CONCERNED WITH THE PRESERVATION OF HUMAN DIGNITY." ( INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE, OLYMPIC CHARTER) AboveSalt Lake City 2002: Silver medallist Sven Hanawald ( GER) ( left) congratulates gold medallist Simon Ammann ( SWI) after the men's 90m ski jumping event. SHARINGTHE VALUES THROUGHSPORT ANDTHEGAMES1 SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES TEACHING VALUES45 1 For more information on the Olympic Movement go to the web site of the International Olympic Committee. Educational materials are available online at: http:// multimedia. olympic. org/ pdf/ en_ report_ 670. pdf

THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE ( IOC) The International Olympic Committee supervises the organisation of each Olympic Games, and coordinates the Olympic- related activities of Olympic sport, culture and education. The members of the IOC are influential individuals who have made contributions in sport. These people act as the IOC's representatives in their respective countries. They are not representatives of national governments in the IOC. Sometimes an IOC member has to represent the IOC in more than one country. Some IOC members represent athletes, and some IOC members come from international sports federations. The members meet once a year at the IOC Session. Currently there are 114 IOC members, 23 honorary members and 2 honour members. The current President is Jacques Rogge. THE NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEES ( NOC) Over 200 countries send athletes to march behind their flags during the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games. Each of BACKGROUND INFORMATION 46TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT IS A NETWORK OF ORGANISATIONS, OLYMPIC GAMES ORGANISING COMMITTEES, CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE COMMITTED TO SPORT AND/ OR TO THE IDEAS AND VALUES THAT ARE THE FOUNDATION OF OLYMPISM. Below Uganda 2004: An Olympic Day Festival dance performance in Uganda demonstrates the worldwide spread of the Olympic Movement. these countries has a National Olympic Committee. The National Olympic Committee in each country is responsible for the national team, and for the promotion and encouragement of the values of the Olympic Movement within its boundaries. THE ORGANISING COMMITTEES FOR THE OLYMPIC GAMES ( OCOGS) And the winner is…! These are exciting words for cities which have won the vote for the right to be the host for an Olympic Games. What this means is that they will be inviting the whole world to come to their city. The first thing that each city does then is to create an Organising Committee, a steadily growing group of experts and volunteers who will spend the next six or seven years planning the Games, constructing the facilities, organising the sports and cultural events, securing and getting the city ready to welcome thousands of athletes, spectators and media – and finding the funding to pay for it all. This same Organising Committee also has the responsibility for organising the Paralympic Games, which take place 10 days after the Olympic Games under the supervision of the International Paralympic Committee. THE INTERNATIONAL SPORTS FEDERATIONS ( IF) The rules and procedures of Olympic sports competitions have to be the same for every athlete competing in the sport, no matter what country they come from. Therefore, each sport is governed by the rules of an International Sports Federation. There are 28 summer sports International Federations, and 7 winter sports federations. The IFs are responsible for overseeing the technical aspects and management of their sport at the Olympic Games. They also establish the eligibility criteria for the competitions of the Games, in accordance with the Olympic Charter, and join the IOC in the fight against doping in sport. COMMISSIONS The IOC has established working groups, called Commissions, which study certain specific subjects, advise the President and make recommendations to the Executive Board of the IOC. Some of these Commissions are: Athletes, Culture and Olympic Education, Marketing, Ethics, International Relations, Radio and Television, Women in Sport and Sport and the Environment. OLYMPIC SPONSORS The Olympic Movement receives most of its funding from sales of the rights to broadcast the Olympic Games to media companies. However, it also enjoys the support of several multinational corporations under the TOP( The Olympic partner programme) sponsors' programme. All but a small fraction of the money collected is distributed back into sport through NOCs, OCOGs and IFs. FOR DISCUSSION Why do you think the Olympic Games and the Olympic Movement appeal to so many different countries and cultures around the world?