THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE ( IOC) The International Olympic Committee supervises the organisation of each Olympic Games, and coordinates the Olympic- related activities of Olympic sport, culture and education. The members of the IOC are influential individuals who have made contributions in sport. These people act as the IOC's representatives in their respective countries. They are not representatives of national governments in the IOC. Sometimes an IOC member has to represent the IOC in more than one country. Some IOC members represent athletes, and some IOC members come from international sports federations. The members meet once a year at the IOC Session. Currently there are 114 IOC members, 23 honorary members and 2 honour members. The current President is Jacques Rogge. THE NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEES ( NOC) Over 200 countries send athletes to march behind their flags during the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games. Each of BACKGROUND INFORMATION 46TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT IS A NETWORK OF ORGANISATIONS, OLYMPIC GAMES ORGANISING COMMITTEES, CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE COMMITTED TO SPORT AND/ OR TO THE IDEAS AND VALUES THAT ARE THE FOUNDATION OF OLYMPISM. Below Uganda 2004: An Olympic Day Festival dance performance in Uganda demonstrates the worldwide spread of the Olympic Movement. these countries has a National Olympic Committee. The National Olympic Committee in each country is responsible for the national team, and for the promotion and encouragement of the values of the Olympic Movement within its boundaries. THE ORGANISING COMMITTEES FOR THE OLYMPIC GAMES ( OCOGS) And the winner is…! These are exciting words for cities which have won the vote for the right to be the host for an Olympic Games. What this means is that they will be inviting the whole world to come to their city. The first thing that each city does then is to create an Organising Committee, a steadily growing group of experts and volunteers who will spend the next six or seven years planning the Games, constructing the facilities, organising the sports and cultural events, securing and getting the city ready to welcome thousands of athletes, spectators and media – and finding the funding to pay for it all. This same Organising Committee also has the responsibility for organising the Paralympic Games, which take place 10 days after the Olympic Games under the supervision of the International Paralympic Committee. THE INTERNATIONAL SPORTS FEDERATIONS ( IF) The rules and procedures of Olympic sports competitions have to be the same for every athlete competing in the sport, no matter what country they come from. Therefore, each sport is governed by the rules of an International Sports Federation. There are 28 summer sports International Federations, and 7 winter sports federations. The IFs are responsible for overseeing the technical aspects and management of their sport at the Olympic Games. They also establish the eligibility criteria for the competitions of the Games, in accordance with the Olympic Charter, and join the IOC in the fight against doping in sport. COMMISSIONS The IOC has established working groups, called Commissions, which study certain specific subjects, advise the President and make recommendations to the Executive Board of the IOC. Some of these Commissions are: Athletes, Culture and Olympic Education, Marketing, Ethics, International Relations, Radio and Television, Women in Sport and Sport and the Environment. OLYMPIC SPONSORS The Olympic Movement receives most of its funding from sales of the rights to broadcast the Olympic Games to media companies. However, it also enjoys the support of several multinational corporations under the TOP( The Olympic partner programme) sponsors' programme. All but a small fraction of the money collected is distributed back into sport through NOCs, OCOGs and IFs. FOR DISCUSSION Why do you think the Olympic Games and the Olympic Movement appeal to so many different countries and cultures around the world?
TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES TEACHING VALUES47 THE OLYMPIC WORLD THROUGH THE WORK OF THE NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEES IN EACH OF THESE COUNTRIES, THE UNIVERSALITY OF SPORT AND THE VALUES OF OLYMPISM ARE AFFIRMED. AFRICA Algeria ( ALG) Angola ( ANG) Benin ( BEN) Botswana ( BOT) Burkina Faso ( BUR) Burundi ( BDI) Cameroon ( CMR) Cape Verde ( CPV) Central African Republic ( CAF) Chad ( CHA) Comoros ( COM) Congo ( CGO) Côte d'Ivoire ( CIV) Democratic Republic of the Congo ( COD) Djibouti ( DJI) Egypt ( EGY) Equatorial Guinea ( GEQ) Eritrea ( ERI) Ethiopia ( ETH) Gabon ( GAB) Gambia ( GAM) Ghana ( GHA) Guinea ( GUI) Guinea- Bissau ( GBS) Kenya ( KEN) Lesotho ( LES) Liberia ( LBR) Libyan Arab Jamahiriya ( LBA) Madagascar ( MAD) Malawi ( MAW) Mali ( MLI) Mauritania ( MTN) Mauritius ( MRI) Morocco ( MAR) Mozambique ( MOZ) Namibia ( NAM) Niger ( NIG) Nigeria ( NGR) Rwanda ( RWA) Sao Tome and Principe ( STP) Senegal ( SEN) Seychelles ( SEY) Sierra Leone ( SLE) Somalia ( SOM) South Africa ( RSA) Sudan ( SUD) Swaziland ( SWZ) Togo ( TOG) Tunisia ( TUN) Uganda ( UGA) United Republic of Tanzania ( TAN) Zambia ( ZAM) Zimbabwe ( ZIM) AMERICA Antigua and Barbuda ( ANT) Argentina ( ARG) Aruba ( ARU) Bahamas ( BAH) Barbados ( BAR) Belize ( BIZ) Bermuda ( BER) Bolivia ( BOL) Brazil ( BRA) British Virgin Islands ( IVB) Canada ( CAN) Cayman Islands ( CAY) Chile ( CHI) Colombia ( COL) Costa Rica ( CRC) Cuba ( CUB) Dominica ( DMA) Dominican Republic ( DOM) Ecuador ( ECU) El Salvador ( ESA) Grenada ( GRN) Guatemala ( GUA) Guyana ( GUY) Haiti ( HAI) Honduras ( HON) Jamaica ( JAM) Mexico ( MEX) Netherlands Antilles ( AHO) Nicaragua ( NCA) Panama ( PAN) Paraguay ( PAR) Peru ( PER) Puerto Rico ( PUR) Saint Kitts and Nevis ( SKN) Saint Lucia ( LCA) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ( VIN) Suriname ( SUR) Trinidad and Tobago ( TRI) United States of America ( USA) Uruguay ( URU) Venezuela ( VEN) Virgin Islands ( ISV) ASIA Afghanistan ( AFG) Bahrain ( BRN) Bangladesh ( BAN) Bhutan ( BHU) Brunei Darussalam ( BRU) Cambodia ( CAM) Chinese Taipei ( TPE) Democratic People's Republic of Korea ( PRK) Hong- Kong ( HKG) India ( IND) Indonesia ( INA) Iraq ( IRQ) Islamic Republic of Iran ( IRI) Japan ( JPN) Jordan ( JOR) Kazakhstan ( KAZ) Korea ( KOR) Kuwait ( KUW) Kyrgyzstan ( KGZ) Lao People's Democratic Republic ( LAO) Lebanon ( LIB) Malaysia ( MAS) Maldives ( MDV) Mongolia ( MGL) Myanmar ( MYA) Nepal ( NEP) Oman ( OMA) Pakistan ( PAK) Palestine ( PLE) People's Republic of China ( CHN) Philippines ( PHI) Qatar ( QAT) Saudi Arabia ( KSA) Singapore ( SIN) Sri Lanka ( SRI) Syrian Arab Republic ( SYR) Tajikistan ( TJK) Thailand ( THA) Timor- Leste ( TLS) Turkmenistan ( TKM) United Arab Emirates ( UAE) Uzbekistan ( UZB) Vietnam ( VIE) Yemen ( YEM) EUROPE Albania ( ALB) Andorra ( AND) Armenia ( ARM) Austria ( AUT) Azerbaijan ( AZE) Belarus ( BLR) Belgium ( BEL) Bosnia and Herzegovina ( BIH) Bulgaria ( BUL) Croatia ( CRO) Cyprus ( CYP) Czech Republic ( CZE) Denmark ( DEN) Estonia ( EST) Finland ( FIN) Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia ( MKD) France ( FRA) Georgia ( GEO) Germany ( GER) Great Britain ( GBR) Greece ( GRE) Hungary ( HUN) Iceland ( ISL) Ireland ( IRL) Israel ( ISR) Italy ( ITA) Latvia ( LAT) Liechtenstein ( LIE) Lithuania ( LTU) Luxembourg ( LUX) Malta ( MLT) Monaco ( MON) Montenegro ( MNE) Netherlands ( NED) Norway ( NOR) Poland ( POL) Portugal ( POR) Republic of Moldova ( MDA) Romania ( ROU) Russian Federation ( RUS) San Marino ( SMR) Serbia ( SRB) Slovakia ( SVK) Slovenia ( SLO) Spain ( ESP) Sweden ( SWE) Switzerland ( SWZ) Turkey ( TUR) Ukraine ( UKR) OCEANIA American Samoa ( ASA) Australia ( AUS) Cook Islands ( COK) Federated States of Micronesia ( FSM) Fiji ( FIJ) Guam ( GUM) Kiribati ( KIR) Marshall Islands ( MHL) Nauru ( NRU) New Zealand ( NZL) Palau ( PLW) Papua New Guinea ( PNG) Samoa ( SAM) Solomon Islands ( SOL) Tonga ( TGA) Tuvalu ( TUV) Vanuatu ( VAN)