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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES TEACHING VALUES49 ACTIVITYSHEET Plan a cultural study on one Olympic nation from each continent. Topics for study would include: geography, history, political and religious systems, sporting traditions, foods and festivals. Plan a World Fair. Have individuals or small groups study one country from each continent. Present the information as a " World Fair" with displays on each country and cultural presentations by learners. Create a chart comparing the different Olympic Games. Topics could include: numbers of countries that competed, numbers of participants, number of media, sports programme and famous athletes. CHECKLIST ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 2 ACTIVITY 3 123 HOST CITIES OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES WINTER GAMESSUMMER GAMES

READING In Athens in 1896,241 athletes from 14 countries competed in 9 sports. In Athens in 2004, over 10,000 athletes from 201 countries competed in 28 sports." To be included in the programme of the summer Olympic Games, an Olympic sport must be widely practised by men in at least 75 countries and on four continents, and by women in at least 40 countries and on three continents"( Olympic Charter). FOR DISCUSSION Which of these sports are popular in your country? What sports do you play in your country that are similar to or based on these sports? Which traditional sports are popular in your country that are not Olympic sports? SPORTS PROGRAMME FOR BEIJING 2008, CHINA Aquatics – Diving, Swimming Synchronised Swimming, Water Polo Archery Athletics/ Track and Field – Running, race- walking, hurdles, steeplechase, marathon, relays, long jump, high jump, triple jump, pole vault, discus, shot put, javelin, decathlon ( men) / heptathlon ( women) Badminton Baseball Basketball Boxing Canoe/ Kayak – Slalom, Flat Water Cycling – Road, Mountain Bike, Track, BMX Equestrian – Dressage, Jumping, Eventing Fencing Football Gymnastics – Artistic, Rhythmic, Trampoline Handball Hockey Judo Modern Pentathlon– cross- country running, swimming, fencing, equestrian, shooting Rowing Sailing Shooting Softball Table Tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball – Beach Volleyball, Volleyball ( indoor) Weightlifting Wrestling – Freestyle, Greco- Roman 50TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES BIGGER AND BIGGER: THE OLYMPIC SPORTS PROGRAMMES THE NUMBER OF SPORTS ON THE PROGRAMME FOR THE OLYMPIC GAMES CONTINUES TO GROW. FOR A SPORT TO BE MADE AN OLYMPIC SPORT IT HAS TO BE GOVERNED BY AN INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION RECOGNISED BY THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE.