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READING In Athens in 1896,241 athletes from 14 countries competed in 9 sports. In Athens in 2004, over 10,000 athletes from 201 countries competed in 28 sports." To be included in the programme of the summer Olympic Games, an Olympic sport must be widely practised by men in at least 75 countries and on four continents, and by women in at least 40 countries and on three continents"( Olympic Charter). FOR DISCUSSION Which of these sports are popular in your country? What sports do you play in your country that are similar to or based on these sports? Which traditional sports are popular in your country that are not Olympic sports? SPORTS PROGRAMME FOR BEIJING 2008, CHINA Aquatics – Diving, Swimming Synchronised Swimming, Water Polo Archery Athletics/ Track and Field – Running, race- walking, hurdles, steeplechase, marathon, relays, long jump, high jump, triple jump, pole vault, discus, shot put, javelin, decathlon ( men) / heptathlon ( women) Badminton Baseball Basketball Boxing Canoe/ Kayak – Slalom, Flat Water Cycling – Road, Mountain Bike, Track, BMX Equestrian – Dressage, Jumping, Eventing Fencing Football Gymnastics – Artistic, Rhythmic, Trampoline Handball Hockey Judo Modern Pentathlon– cross- country running, swimming, fencing, equestrian, shooting Rowing Sailing Shooting Softball Table Tennis Taekwondo Tennis Triathlon Volleyball – Beach Volleyball, Volleyball ( indoor) Weightlifting Wrestling – Freestyle, Greco- Roman 50TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES BIGGER AND BIGGER: THE OLYMPIC SPORTS PROGRAMMES THE NUMBER OF SPORTS ON THE PROGRAMME FOR THE OLYMPIC GAMES CONTINUES TO GROW. FOR A SPORT TO BE MADE AN OLYMPIC SPORT IT HAS TO BE GOVERNED BY AN INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION RECOGNISED BY THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE.

TEACHING VALUES51 TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES SPORTS PROGRAMME FOR THE 2010 WINTER GAMES IN VANCOUVER Biathlon – ( cross- country skiing plus target shooting) women and men Bobsled– two- man and four- man; two- woman Cross Country Skiing – women and men Curling– women and men Ice Hockey– women and men Luge –( single and double; women compete in singles) Figure Skating –( singles for men and women, pairs, ice dance) Freestyle Skiing –( aerials and moguls) women and men Speed Skating– women and men Short Track Speed Skating– women and men Skeleton– women and men Alpine Skiing –( downhill, slalom, giant slalom, super- G, combined) women and men Ski Jumping – men Nordic Combined– ( ski jumping plus a cross country ski race) men Snowboard– ( parallel giant slalom, half- pipe, snowboard cross) women and men READING Winter sports like skating and skiing are popular in the parts of our world where cold winter temperatures turn water into ice and rain into snow. Sliding, gliding and jumping on slippery or snowy hills on skis, on skates or on seats with runners under them are great fun for children and adults in countries that have cold winters." Only sports widely practised in at least 25 countries and on three continents may be included in the programme of the Olympic Winter Games"( Olympic Charter). SUGGESTED ACTIVITY Most of these sports require equipment and sometimes advanced technology. Carry out a research project on the technical requirements for Olympic level competition in one of these sports. Above Albertville 1992: Women's 4x5km cross country skiing relay. Left Turin 2006: Sasha Cohen ( USA) performs in the women's figure skating. Far left, top Sydney 2000: Cuba ( red) defeat Russia ( green) to win the gold medal in the women's volleyball. Far left, bottom Sydney 2000: Simon Whitfield ( CAN) after his triathlon victory.