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TEACHING VALUES51 TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES SPORTS PROGRAMME FOR THE 2010 WINTER GAMES IN VANCOUVER Biathlon – ( cross- country skiing plus target shooting) women and men Bobsled– two- man and four- man; two- woman Cross Country Skiing – women and men Curling– women and men Ice Hockey– women and men Luge –( single and double; women compete in singles) Figure Skating –( singles for men and women, pairs, ice dance) Freestyle Skiing –( aerials and moguls) women and men Speed Skating– women and men Short Track Speed Skating– women and men Skeleton– women and men Alpine Skiing –( downhill, slalom, giant slalom, super- G, combined) women and men Ski Jumping – men Nordic Combined– ( ski jumping plus a cross country ski race) men Snowboard– ( parallel giant slalom, half- pipe, snowboard cross) women and men READING Winter sports like skating and skiing are popular in the parts of our world where cold winter temperatures turn water into ice and rain into snow. Sliding, gliding and jumping on slippery or snowy hills on skis, on skates or on seats with runners under them are great fun for children and adults in countries that have cold winters." Only sports widely practised in at least 25 countries and on three continents may be included in the programme of the Olympic Winter Games"( Olympic Charter). SUGGESTED ACTIVITY Most of these sports require equipment and sometimes advanced technology. Carry out a research project on the technical requirements for Olympic level competition in one of these sports. Above Albertville 1992: Women's 4x5km cross country skiing relay. Left Turin 2006: Sasha Cohen ( USA) performs in the women's figure skating. Far left, top Sydney 2000: Cuba ( red) defeat Russia ( green) to win the gold medal in the women's volleyball. Far left, bottom Sydney 2000: Simon Whitfield ( CAN) after his triathlon victory.

52TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES F our years after the first Olympic Games of the modern era in Athens, women took part in their first Olympic Games, in Paris in 1900. Despite the opposition of Pierre de Coubertin, 22 women out of a total of 997 athletes competed in five sports: tennis, sailing, croquet, equestrian and golf. Since the 1970s female participation has greatly increased. Today nearly 40 per cent of the athletes who compete in an Olympic Games are women. The IOC has continually added women's events to the Olympic programme. Since 1991, all new sports wishing to be included on the Olympic programme must include women's events. " ANY FORM OF DISCRIMINATION WITH REGARD TO A COUNTRY OR A PERSON ON GROUNDS OF RACE, RELIGION, POLITICS, GENDER OR OTHERWISE IS INCOMPATIBLE WITH BELONGING TO THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT." ( OLYMPIC CHARTER, 2004. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE # 5,) LeftSalt Lake City 2002:( L- R) Hayley Wickenheiser ( CAN) and her team- mates Geraldine Heaney and Colleen Sostorics celebrate their victory against the United States in the women's ice hockey final. 2 Adapted from International Olympic Committee Factsheet, " Women in the Olympic Movement," Updated, December 2005, p. 1. BREAKINGTHROUGH BARRIERS: WOMENINTHE OLYMPICGAMES2 SINCE THE FIRST OF THE MODERN OLYMPIC GAMES, IDEAS HAVE SLOWLY CHANGED ABOUT WOMEN AND SPORT. WOMEN IN MANY PLACES HAVE INSISTED ON THEIR RIGHTS TO PARTICIPATE IN SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. THESE ARE SOME GREAT STORIES ABOUT FEMALE OLYMPIC CHAMPIONS.