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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES TEACHING VALUES61 ACTIVITYSHEET TALK IN GROUPS What does " sustainability" mean? Compare and contrast the environmental challenges of the Summer and the Winter Games. How are they the same? How are they different? TO THINK ABOUT There are often arguments between people who want to protect endangered animal and plant species and sensitive habitat, and people who want to use the land for other reasons. Think about an environmental concern in your country. What are the main points made by people on both sides of the issue? What environmental impacts will the event have that you are planning for your community? Consider waste management, disturbing natural habitat, use of water and electricity and special needs. CHECKLIST ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 2 ACTIVITY 3 123 Left Burkina Faso 2004: Caring for the Environment – An NOC Reforestation Camp.

READING 1 – LOGOS, EMBLEMS, SYMBOLS The word " logo" means an emblem or a symbol that defines the identity of an Olympic Games host city and Organising Committee. It is used as the visual identifier of the event. Two examples from Olympic Games on two different continents are shown here. One was a Winter Games and one was a Summer Games. READING 2 – MASCOTS Often a host city for an Olympic Games will choose an animal that has special symbolism for the region as its mascot. Moscow, USSR, 1980 had a bear ( Misha); Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, 1984 had a wolf ( Vuchko); Calgary, Canada, 1988 had polar bears ( Hidy and Howdy). Sometimes the mascot is an animated or cartoon character. THINGS TO DO You have been assigned the task of designing a logo or emblem for the event that you are planning for your community. 1 Draw and explain your design. 2Study the designs of the logos and emblems of other Olympic Games. You have been assigned the task of designing a mascot for the event that you are planning for your community. 1 Draw and explain your choice of mascot. 2 Study the mascots of other Olympic Games. Research the symbolism of the mascot. Make a study of the transition of mascots from animals to cartoon animals to cartoon humanised figures. Lillehammer 1994 The emblem features the aurora borealis6 ( Northern lights), the five Olympic rings, snow crystals and the title " Lillehammer ' 94". It was inspired by contact with nature, the sky and snow. Mexico City 1968 The emblem combines the five Olympic rings and the year of the Games. It is drawn in the style of the patterns on pottery and tapestry of the Huichole Indians of Mexico. Turin 2006The mascots of the Games. " Neve"( left) is a gentle, kind and elegant snowball; " Gliz" is a lively, playful ice cube. They complement each other and personify the very essence of winter sports. They are the symbol of a young generation that is full of life and energy. Seoul 1988The mascot," Hodori", portrays the friendly side of a tiger, which is present in many Korean legends. DEFININGYOURIDENTITY LOGOSANDMASCOTS USE A STUDY OF LOGOS AND MASCOTS TO INTRODUCE LEARNERS TO THE WAY THAT DIFFERENT OLYMPIC CITIES USE MASCOTS, LOGOS AND OLYMPIC TORCH DESIGNS TO REPRESENT THE SPECIAL SYMBOLS AND TRADITIONS OF THEIR CULTURE AND CITY. THIS STUDY WILL ADD TO AN UNDERSTANDING OF CULTURAL DIFFERENCE. CR 6 The aurora borealis is a natural phenomenon that occurs in countries ( like Norway) of the far north and south. During the display the " northern lights" move in curtains of colour across the sky. They represent power, tension and dramatic spectacle. 62TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES