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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES TEACHING VALUES63 FOR DISCUSSION Identify the value conflict for the Olympic Movement in each of the following situations. [ The Olympic Movement] " survived the interruption of Games during two World Wars." In 1916,1940 and 1944 the Olympic Games were not held because of war in Europe. How is this in opposition to the values of the Olympic Movement? [ The Olympic Movement]" survived boycotts." What is a boycott? Investigate the reasons for the boycotts of the Olympic Games by certain nations, e. g. in Montreal 1976, Moscow 1980 and Los Angeles 1984. How would you feel if you were an athlete who was expected to win a medal at the Olympic Games, and because your country decided to boycott the Games, you could not participate? [ The Olympic Movement] " survived the tragedy in Munich." What happened at the 1972 Munich Olympic Games? What was the IOC's response? The consequence of this event is that the IOC and Organising Committees have to spend a lot of money and pay very close attention to the security of participants at an Olympic Games. Investigate the complex procedures for Olympic Games security. [ The Olympic Movement] " survived doping scandals." What is doping? What kinds of substances are illegal? Why are they illegal? Why is doping in opposition to the Olympic values? Why do athletes use illegal substances? Investigate the procedures used to test athletes for illegal substances. What are the penalties? [ The Olympic Movement] " survived its own corruption." In Salt Lake City prior to the 2002 Winter Games it was discovered that a number of IOC members had accepted favours in return for voting for Salt Lake City during the bidding process. An investigation by the IOC uncovered a number of examples of inappropriate behaviour by IOC members. A number of them resigned or were expelled. How was this behaviour by IOC members in opposition to the Olympic values? What problems or challenges will you have as you plan and organise your community event? Do you think there will be opposition? From whom? How will you handle this conflict? BelowSalt Lake City 2002: Military personnel inspect vehicles before allowing them to enter the athlete's village. This is just one of the many safety precautions that are now in place at the Olympic Games. SOLVINGYOUR PROBLEMSOLYMPIC CHALLENGES LIKE EVERY ORGANISATION, THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC MOVEMENT HAS HAD ITS SHARE OF PROBLEMS. SOME OF THESE CHALLENGES ARISE BECAUSE OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES' PRESTIGE AND POPULARITY. THESE PROBLEMS SOMETIMES AFFECT THE CREDIBILITY OF THE ORGANISATION BECAUSE THEY INCLUDE ACTIONS THAT ARE IN OPPOSITION TO THE VALUES OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT. USE THIS ACTIVITY AS A PLACE TO DISCUSS THE CHALLENGES THAT HAVE FACED THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT IN ITS 100- YEAR HISTORY. " THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT HAS SURVIVED MANY CRISES IN ITS MORE THAN 107 YEARS OF HISTORY: IT SURVIVED THE INTERRUPTION OF GAMES DURING TWO WORLD WARS; IT SUR-VIVED BOYCOTTS; IT SURVIVED THE TRAGEDY IN MUNICH; IT SURVIVED DOPING SCANDALS; IT SURVIVED ITS OWN CORRUPTION. EACH TIME THE IOC TOOK CORRECTIVE ACTION. WE SHOULD, HOWEVER, AVOID ANY COMPLACENCY." ( JACQUES ROGGE, PRESIDENT, INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE, 2004. OLYMPIC REVIEW)

64TEACHING VALUES SECTION 3 SHARING THE VALUES THROUGH SPORT AND THE OLYMPIC GAMES BEFORE YOU READ – QUESTIONS TO ASK What qualities do you think people need to have to successfully achieve their goals? What happens when they fail? READING The Long Road to Victory: Dan Jansen7 Of all the Olympic stories that teach us about perseverance, very few are as memorable as that of Dan Jansen. Most speed- skating victories are decided by a margin of 1/ 100th of a second. This victory took over a decade. The world first met Jansen at the 1984 Games in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, when the relatively unknown American placed an impressive 4th in the 500m race. In Calgary in 1988, he was favoured to win the 500m and 1,000m races. But fate had other plans. Jansen's sister had been suffering from leukaemia and died just minutes before race time. In his final conversation with her, he promised to win in her honour. But instead Jansen fell. Not just once, but in both races. He left Calgary empty- handed. Four years later Jansen was again favoured to win, this time in Albertville. But after a disappointing performance, he again left without a medal. In 1994, Jansen prepared for his fourth Olympic Games, in Lillehammer, Norway. He knew it would be his last chance and hoped he could put his past behind him once and for all. But on his first race, to the horror of everyone watching, Jansen slipped yet again during the 500m and finished 8th. Only one race remained. The last of his career. Four days after that unfortunate fall, the starting gun sounded for the start of the 1,000m. And everything magically fell into place. A decade of disappointment suddenly was erased as Jansen took first place and set a new world record. During the victory lap, he picked up his daughter and carried her around the ice. They had named her Jane, in honour of his late sister. The perfect ending to a story that has become an inspiration to athletes around the world. FOR DISCUSSION Explain why you think Dan Jansen persevered in his journey to win an Olympic medal. What aspects of the values of Olympism do his actions represent? AboveAlbertville 1992: Dan Jansen ( USA) was expected to win a gold medal in the men's 500m speed skating. He eventually finished fourth. THELONGROADTOVICTORY: ANATHLETE'SSTORY IN ANCIENT TIMES, AS TODAY, TO BE AN OLYMPIC ATHLETE WAS A SUPREME HONOUR. ANCIENT OLYMPIC CHAMPIONS WERE LOOKED AFTER BY THEIR FELLOW TOWNSFOLK FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIVES. ATHLETES TODAY WHO WIN MEDALS ARE ALSO HONOURED AND CELEBRATED IN THEIR COUNTRIES. TODAY, NEARLY 100,000 OLYMPIANS ( ATHLETES WHO HAVE COMPETED IN THE OLYMPIC GAMES) SPREAD THE SPIRIT OF OLYMPISM AROUND THE WORLD. 7 Adapted from International Olympic Committee Web Site. " Celebrate Humanity 2002: Dan Jansen." Online at http:// www. olympic. org/ uk/ passion/ humanity/ jansen_ uk . asp. Sourced 5 July, 2006. ( Small wording changes facilitate understanding for non- native English- speaking readers.)