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68TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM BEFORE YOU READ Principles are ideas, values, types of behaviour and ways of doing things that are important to a people or a culture. What values and types of behaviour are important to your family and your community? Write three of these values or types of behaviour, and then discuss your list with other people in a small group or with your class. Vocabulary: principles, philosophy, exalting, will, universal, ethical, human right, discrimination, mutual, fair play, solidarity, symbol, interlaced GROUP ACTIVITY Here are some of the main ideas from the Fundamental Principles. Write answers for the questions and then discuss. Olympism is a philosophy of life... What ideas or values are important in your philosophy of life? Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games, said that participation in sport helps young people to develop a balance between body, will and mind. • How do you develop the abilities of your body? Why should you develop these abilities? • How do you develop the abilities of your mind? Why should you develop these abilities? • Developing your will means that you strive to do your best in spite of difficulties. How do Olympic athletes show that they have a strong will? Name some athletes, heroes or heroines in your country that have shown a strong will. Tell their stories. Other important words in Fundamental Principle # 1 are: joy, effort, good example and ethical principles. • Name some athletes that you know who have these qualities? How do they show these qualities? • Should athletes set a " good example" by their behaviour? Why or why not? The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practising sport, without discrimination of any kind... • What is a human right? Do you agree that sport is a human right? Why or why not? • In some places certain people are not allowed to or are not able to participate in sport. What kinds of barriers exist to participation? • What are some other human rights? Who decides whether these activities are human rights? • Write a charter of human rights for the people in your community, your club or your school. Mutual understanding and friendshipare two important ideas in Fundamental Principle # 4. In order to be friends with someone you have to understand them. • Can you be friends with people who are different from yourself? How do these friendships develop? • How does participating in sport help people to understand other people? • How and where do Olympic athletes develop an understanding of people from other countries? Athletes who show fair playfollow the rules of the sport. But the " spirit of fair play" means acting in ways that go beyond just following the rules. • How do athletes show the " spirit of fair play" in a sport or during a game? • How do you show fair play in your daily life? INTERPRETINGTHE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES USE THE EXERCISES IN THIS ACTIVITY TO HELP LEARNERS UNDERSTAND THE MEANING OF THE MAIN IDEAS IN THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES. [ REFER TO " FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES," P. 12] BelowAthens 2004: Jade North ( AUS) ( left) congratulates Mariano Gonzalez ( ARG) after Argentina's victory during the 2004 Olympic football tournament.

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES69 ACTIVITYSHEET Write the principles in your own words. Develop a set of fundamental principles or ideals for your own school or organisation. Create posters or murals that represent the ideals of the Olympic Movement, or of the principles of your school or organisation. CHECKLIST ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 2 ACTIVITY 3 123