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80TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM ACTIVITYSHEET Learn more about a traditional sport of the world. Some examples are given on this and the previous page. Answer the following questions in your study: Where is the sport practised? What are the historical roots of the sport? What are the events or skills required in the sport? Who participates in the sport? What special equipment, technology or playing areas are required for the sport? What are the rewards for the winners? What special ceremonies or rituals accompany the sports competitions? What are the differences between the way the sport is played today and the way it was played in the past? Learn the moves and skills to compete in the sport you studied. Then put on a display of traditional sports with your fellow learners. CHECKLIST ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 2 1 2 [ IOC] Left Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China's National Games 2005: Wushu – Women's free fight. Below Two sumo wrestlers battle for supremacy in Japan's national sport.

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT T ry out some of the sports of the ancient Olympic Games. Since there was also a Games for women and girls held a year after each official Olympic Games, girls are invited and encouraged to participate. RUNNING – FOOT RACES Ancient Greeks measured distance by stades. A stade was approximately 200m. In a race of 2 stades, runners ran one stade, turned around and ran back to the starting line. You try it by measuring out a distance about 50m. This is far enough for young people. The marathon is named after the site of a famous Greek battle. A soldier ran 42km from the battlefield to Athens to bring the news of victory. He died as he told his story. You try a marathon by organising a 1- 2 km run around your school or community. Prepare for your run by running shorter distances regularly. Remember that in a longer run you must pace yourself. Seek guidance from a coach before starting a running programme. Does your country or community have a special running event? You try it. JUMPING – LONG JUMP In Ancient Greece, athletes competed in a standing long jump using hand- held weights to help them increase their distance. You try it by holding a weight in each hand. Swing your arms as you jump onto a mat or sand pit. Compare the distance you can jump with different arm techniques and with and without weights. Does your country have a special jumping event? You try it. THROWING – SPEAR THROW AND DISCUS In Ancient Greece, spear ( javelin) and discus throwing were needed by warriors in battle. In fact, many of the sports came from skills needed by soldiers in war. Under the guidance of an adult, you can try a spear throw by using a javelin. Compare your throws using different body positions, throwing from a standing and from a running start. Use any ball, ring, large stone or discus for a discus throw. Use different throwing and standing positions and compare your results. Does your country have a traditional throwing skill? You try it – under the guidance of an adult. BelowAthens 2004: Mizuki Noguchi ( JAP) ( right) leads the pack during the women's marathon as they run past a statue depicting the ancient Greek soldier who ran 42km to deliver news of a victorious battle. ATHLETICSEVENTSIN ANCIENTGREECE: YOUTRYIT SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES81 USE THIS ACTIVITY TO ENCOURAGE LEARNERS TO TRY OUT DIFFERENT SPORTS ACTIVITIES, AND TO PRESENT THE IDEA THAT DIFFERENT CULTURES HAVE DIFFERENT ATHLETIC AND SPORTS ACTIVITIES AND DIFFERENT ATHLETIC TRADITIONS.