TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT " FAIR PLAY MEANS THAT I RESPECT MY TEAM- MATES AND MY OPPONENTS. SOMETIMES IT'S HARDER TO PLAY FAIR." ( FROM A 14 YEAR- OLD STUDENT) " I TRY TO PLAY FAIR, THAT IS TO FOLLOW THE RULES. BUT IN A GAME THAT WE REALLY WANT TO WIN, WE SOMETIMES HAVE TO COMMIT A TACTICAL FOUL." ( FROM A 14 YEAR- OLD FOOTBALL PLAYER) " FAIR PLAY DOES NOT ONLY MEAN ADHERENCE TO WRITTEN RULES: RATHER IT DESCRIBES THE RIGHT ATTITUDES OF SPORTSMEN AND SPORTSWOMEN AND THE RIGHT SPIRIT IN WHICH THEY CONDUCT THEMSELVES..." ( INTERNATIONAL FAIR PLAY CHARTER) FOR DISCUSSION Do you agree with each of these statements? Why or why not? What do you think is the meaning of fair play? Discuss some situations in which it is difficult to follow the spirit of fair play. SUGGESTED ACTIVITY: Write examples of fair play down the right hand side of the word. Write examples of unfair play down the left hand side. THESE ARE EXAMPLES OF UNFAIR PLAY WHATISFAIRPLAY? 8 SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES87 USE THIS ACTIVITY TO HELP LEARNERS EXPLORE THE MEANING OF FAIR PLAY, AND TO IDENTIFY EXAMPLES OF FAIR AND UNFAIR PLAY. F P A L I A R Y THESE ARE EXAMPLES OF FAIR PLAY 8 Adapted from Luther and Hotz, 1998 Erziehung zu mehr Fairplay: Anregungen zum socialen Lernen – im Sport, aber nicht nur dort! Bern, Germany: Verlag Paul Haupt, pp. 29 & 31.
88TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM 1Younger learners could make up a game, set up a code of rules and identify some " punishments" if the rules are broken. 2Older learners could work with another person or with a group to make up different kinds of games using different kinds of equipment. Materials: balls of different sizes, bean bags, scoops and whiffle balls, hula hoops, skipping ropes, benches, other small sports equipment; For the younger children – provide a collection of different types of sport equipment. Ask each group to pick one item and make up a game and the rules. PROCEDURE 1Make up and photocopy cards for each of the " make- up- a- game" tasks below. 2Put # 1 & # 2 in one envelope ( A); put # 3 and # 4 in another envelope ( B); put # 5 and # 6 in a third envelope ( C). 3Learners will start in pairs. Each pair will pick a " make- up- a- game" card from the A envelope. Each pair chooses one of the instructions on their game card and plays the game that they make up. Note that half of the cards ask the learners to cooperate as they play their game; the other half asks them to compete against each other. 4Each pair of learners will join up with another pair of learners. Each group of four learners then picks a " make-up- a- game" card from envelope B, and follows one of the instructions on their card to make up a game. Again, note that half of the cards ask the learners to cooperate as they play their game; the other half asks them to compete against each other. 5Each group of four learners then joins with another group of four learners, and follows the same procedures, choosing a card from envelope C. For games # 5 from envelope C, eight learners will be cooperating to reach an objective during the game; for # 6 a group of four learners will be competing with another group of four learners. 6 Learners could then teach their games to other groups. Offer a prize to the game that is voted " best game" by the learners. INVENTA FAIRPLAY GAME MAKE FAIR PLAY BEHAVIOUR A PRIORITY FOR ALL PARTICIPANTS IN YOUR SPORTS CLUBS AND SCHOOLS. USE FAIR PLAY GAMES TO HELP LEARNERS TO FOCUS ON FAIR PLAY AS AN OBJECTIVE. # 1 COOPERATE With one other person Make up a game in which you send a ball high into the air. Make up a striking game using the wall and a big ball. Can you think of a game using a badminton racket, a badminton shuttle and a dustbin? # 3 COOPERATE As a pair with two other people ( 4 people) Make up a game using two bean bags. How can you use a ball, the air and the floor in a game? How could you keep a ball in the air without touching the ground? # 5 COMPETE With a group of four people against another group of four people Make up a game in which you use skipping ropes. Make up a game in which you throw bean bags. What can you use as a target? Make up a game using a ball and two benches. # 2 COMPETE With one other person Make up a game in which you roll a ball. Make up a game in which you use a scoop and a whiffle ball. Make up a game in which the equipment moves, but you stay in one place. Choose any equipment. # 4 COMPETE With a partner against two other people Make up a catching game. You choose the equipment. Make up a game in which you and the ball keeping moving towards a goal line. Make up a tag game in which players have to trade teams. # 6 GET EVERYBODY INVOLVED Make up a game using a ball and a target in which each person makes a prediction for her/ his own score. Make up a game in which everybody rolls a hula hoop. Play a group game using two utility balls.