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88TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM 1Younger learners could make up a game, set up a code of rules and identify some " punishments" if the rules are broken. 2Older learners could work with another person or with a group to make up different kinds of games using different kinds of equipment. Materials: balls of different sizes, bean bags, scoops and whiffle balls, hula hoops, skipping ropes, benches, other small sports equipment; For the younger children – provide a collection of different types of sport equipment. Ask each group to pick one item and make up a game and the rules. PROCEDURE 1Make up and photocopy cards for each of the " make- up- a- game" tasks below. 2Put # 1 & # 2 in one envelope ( A); put # 3 and # 4 in another envelope ( B); put # 5 and # 6 in a third envelope ( C). 3Learners will start in pairs. Each pair will pick a " make- up- a- game" card from the A envelope. Each pair chooses one of the instructions on their game card and plays the game that they make up. Note that half of the cards ask the learners to cooperate as they play their game; the other half asks them to compete against each other. 4Each pair of learners will join up with another pair of learners. Each group of four learners then picks a " make-up- a- game" card from envelope B, and follows one of the instructions on their card to make up a game. Again, note that half of the cards ask the learners to cooperate as they play their game; the other half asks them to compete against each other. 5Each group of four learners then joins with another group of four learners, and follows the same procedures, choosing a card from envelope C. For games # 5 from envelope C, eight learners will be cooperating to reach an objective during the game; for # 6 a group of four learners will be competing with another group of four learners. 6 Learners could then teach their games to other groups. Offer a prize to the game that is voted " best game" by the learners. INVENTA FAIRPLAY GAME MAKE FAIR PLAY BEHAVIOUR A PRIORITY FOR ALL PARTICIPANTS IN YOUR SPORTS CLUBS AND SCHOOLS. USE FAIR PLAY GAMES TO HELP LEARNERS TO FOCUS ON FAIR PLAY AS AN OBJECTIVE. # 1 COOPERATE With one other person Make up a game in which you send a ball high into the air. Make up a striking game using the wall and a big ball. Can you think of a game using a badminton racket, a badminton shuttle and a dustbin? # 3 COOPERATE As a pair with two other people ( 4 people) Make up a game using two bean bags. How can you use a ball, the air and the floor in a game? How could you keep a ball in the air without touching the ground? # 5 COMPETE With a group of four people against another group of four people Make up a game in which you use skipping ropes. Make up a game in which you throw bean bags. What can you use as a target? Make up a game using a ball and two benches. # 2 COMPETE With one other person Make up a game in which you roll a ball. Make up a game in which you use a scoop and a whiffle ball. Make up a game in which the equipment moves, but you stay in one place. Choose any equipment. # 4 COMPETE With a partner against two other people Make up a catching game. You choose the equipment. Make up a game in which you and the ball keeping moving towards a goal line. Make up a tag game in which players have to trade teams. # 6 GET EVERYBODY INVOLVED Make up a game using a ball and a target in which each person makes a prediction for her/ his own score. Make up a game in which everybody rolls a hula hoop. Play a group game using two utility balls.

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT READING NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN QUOTATION " MIGHTY SPIRIT, STAND BY ME SO THAT I DO NOT JUDGE ANOTHER MAN BEFORE I HAVE WALKED FOR TWO WEEKS IN HIS MOCCASINS." ( SIOUX NATION PRAYER) CHRISTIAN QUOTATION " DO UNTO OTHERS AS YOU WOULD HAVE THEM DO UNTO YOU." ( HOLY BIBLE, MATTHEW 7: 12) ISLAMIC QUOTATION " NOT ONE OF YOU IS A BELIEVER IF YOU DON'T WISH FOR YOUR BROTHER THE SAME THINGS THAT YOU WISH FOR YOURSELF." ( HOLY PROPHET MUHAMMAD) AFRICAN QUOTATION " A PERSON IS A PER-SON BECAUSE OF ANOTHER PERSON." CHINESE QUOTATION " WHAT YOU DO NOT WANT DONE TO YOURSELF, DO NOT DO UNTO OTHERS." ( CONFUCIUS – KONG ZI) BUDDHIST QUOTATION: THE BUDDHA SAID, " ACCORDING TO THE SEED THAT IS SOWN, SO IS THE FRUIT YOU REAP THE DOER OF GOOD WILL GATHER GOOD RESULTS THE DOER OF EVIL REAPS EVIL RESULTS IF YOU PLANT A GOOD SEED WELL THEN YOU WILL ENJOY THE GOOD FRUITS." FOR DISCUSSION What is the common idea in each of these quotations? What do these " golden rules" have to do with fair play? Write a golden rule for your club or classroom? Make posters that represent these different cultural ideas. BelowAthens 2004: Brazil shakes the hands of Team USA after their 3- 2 victory in the women's indoor Volleyball quarter- final match. THE GOLDEN RULE9 SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES89 ALMOST EVERY CULTURE HAS " A GOLDEN RULE." HELP LEARNERS TO EXPLORE THE VARIOUS WAYS THAT DIFFERENT CULTURES AND DIFFERENT LANGUAGES COMMUNICATE THE SAME MESSAGE ABOUT FAIR PLAY BEHAVIOUR. 9 Adapted from Binder, D. 2000. Be A Champion in Life. Athens: Foundation for Olympic and Sport Education, p. 102.