90TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM LANGUAGE ARTS Tell a story about a time – any time – when you wanted to say," That's not fair." Perhaps you were with your family. Perhaps you were with your friends. Perhaps you were playing a sport or a game. Include many details in your story, as many as you can remember. Where were you at the time? What were you doing? Who was with you? What were the sounds, the sights, the smells? What was the weather like? What were your feelings? What did you do? Write a sports story for a school or community newspaper. Attend an athletic event and emphasise examples of fair play by the learners in your news story. Write a specific fair play code for a sport or game that you particularly like. Interview an athlete about fair play; interview your mum or dad about their expectations for fair play. Videotape examples of fair play from the hallways, the playground, the gymnasium, your classroom. Write a poem on a fair play issue in your school or community. ART Design posters promoting fair play. Display them around the school. Design and produce your own fair play awards. Create fair play trophies. Create drawing and sculptures representing fair play themes. DRAMA Role play ethical dilemmas. Present Reader's Theatre performances of ethical dilemma which might occur when learners are participating in a variety of school-related activities. Present a TV or radio documentary broadcast of a fair play issue in your school or community. HEALTH EDUCATION Write fair play codes for classroom, playground hallway and away from school activities. MUSIC Compose and perform a " rap" song about fair play. Compose and perform a fair play cheer. Collect pop songs that have fair play as a theme. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Prepare dances or routines representing fair play themes. Have learners modify activities to better incorporate fair play values. Fill the gymnasium with student-made fair play codes and posters on fair play themes. Develop a fair play recognition system and mount student photographs with stories about weekly or monthly winners. SOCIAL STUDIES Create a " Fair Play in our Community" mural showing examples of fair play activities in various businesses and organisations in your community. This is a good way to learn about the community. BelowAthens 2004: Rowers from Poland ( left) and Greece ( right) congratulate each other after the medal ceremony for the men's lightweight double sculls. The Polish team won the gold medal, while Greece won bronze. FAIRPLAY PROJECTFAIR BECOME A " FAIR PLAY SCHOOL" AND USE THESE ACTIVITIES AS PART OF A SCHOOL- WIDE FAIR PLAY THEME.
TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT H ow does a country bring peace to societies where there are ancient hatreds, conflicting values, or great economic differences among people? This is an important challenge for sports leaders and educators. Throughout history, education's main task was to conserve and pass on a particular culture, usually the dominant culture in the society. But teachers in a multicultural society have a different task. Their task is to develop communities of learners who accept and respect people from other cultures. For example, since the end of apartheid, South Africans have worked together to create a new society, one in which there is acceptance and respect for people of all races. Educators have an important role in this process. But what does respect for others mean? And more importantly, how do teachers teach this? What is different about a classroom in which children learn respect and acceptance for cultural differences? What activities will help children and young people learn to live in peace with each other – as children and as adults? These are the questions for this section. Multicultural education begins within the hearts and the intellects of school administrators and teachers. Teachers of multicultural education believe that: All people and all cultures have value, and therefore all people – women, children, people with disabilities, etc.– have human rights and community responsibilities. Violence is not the best way to solve conflicts. Acceptance and respect for cultural difference has to be taught to children. It has to be a part of every activity in a school programme and during a school day. Racism and intolerance are often a result of ignorance and fear. Understanding and acceptance of difference develop when people live, work and play together. Families and the community play an important role in supporting or undermining your efforts to teach respect and acceptance of others. Request that the parents and the community support your efforts. INSIGHTS REGARDING MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION10 Multicultural education does not represent a single educational model or course, but a multitude of programmes and practices. A multicultural vision should be maintained in every school subject. Multicultural education implies a restructuring of the entire school environment in order to reflect a multicultural society. Multicultural education is essential for all learners, not just those in multicultural situations. Multicultural education is a dynamic, ongoing and integrated process within the educational community. Multicultural education promotes and enhances rights. Multicultural education is critical education. It encourages learners to think critically and confront the issues of their lives. Multicultural education inspires " cultural curiosity." " THE GOAL OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT IS TO CONTRIBUTE TO BUILDING A PEACEFUL AND BETTER WORLD BY EDUCATING YOUTH THROUGH SPORT PRACTISED IN ACCORDANCE WITH OLYMPISM AND ITS VALUES." ( OLYMPIC CHARTER) " ESSENTIALLY THE NEW CURRICULUM WILL… FOSTER LEARNING WHICH ENCOMPASSES A CULTURE OF HUMAN RIGHTS, MULTILINGUALISM AND MULTICULTURALISM AND A SENSITIVITY TO THE VALUES OF RECONCILIATION AND NATION- BUILDING." ( QUOTED BY PROFESSOR S. BENGU. 1997. PREFACE TO CURRICULUM 2005. GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH AFRICA) C: RESPECT FOROTHERS SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES91 WHEN YOUNG PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN A MULTICULTURAL WORLD LEARN TO ACCEPT AND RESPECT DIVERSITY AND PRACTISE PERSONAL PEACEFUL BEHAVIOUR, THEY PROMOTE PEACE AND INTERNATIONAL UNDERSTANDING. 10 Adapted from Le Roux, J. ( 1997). Multicultural Education: What Every Teacher Should Know. Pretoria, South Africa: Kagiso Publishers, pp. 43- 47. AboveAthens 2004: Gilberto Godoy Filho ( BRA) ( left) consoles Luigi Mastrangelo ( ITA) after Brazil win the gold medal match in the men's volleyball.