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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT H ow does a country bring peace to societies where there are ancient hatreds, conflicting values, or great economic differences among people? This is an important challenge for sports leaders and educators. Throughout history, education's main task was to conserve and pass on a particular culture, usually the dominant culture in the society. But teachers in a multicultural society have a different task. Their task is to develop communities of learners who accept and respect people from other cultures. For example, since the end of apartheid, South Africans have worked together to create a new society, one in which there is acceptance and respect for people of all races. Educators have an important role in this process. But what does respect for others mean? And more importantly, how do teachers teach this? What is different about a classroom in which children learn respect and acceptance for cultural differences? What activities will help children and young people learn to live in peace with each other – as children and as adults? These are the questions for this section. Multicultural education begins within the hearts and the intellects of school administrators and teachers. Teachers of multicultural education believe that: All people and all cultures have value, and therefore all people – women, children, people with disabilities, etc.– have human rights and community responsibilities. Violence is not the best way to solve conflicts. Acceptance and respect for cultural difference has to be taught to children. It has to be a part of every activity in a school programme and during a school day. Racism and intolerance are often a result of ignorance and fear. Understanding and acceptance of difference develop when people live, work and play together. Families and the community play an important role in supporting or undermining your efforts to teach respect and acceptance of others. Request that the parents and the community support your efforts. INSIGHTS REGARDING MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION10 Multicultural education does not represent a single educational model or course, but a multitude of programmes and practices. A multicultural vision should be maintained in every school subject. Multicultural education implies a restructuring of the entire school environment in order to reflect a multicultural society. Multicultural education is essential for all learners, not just those in multicultural situations. Multicultural education is a dynamic, ongoing and integrated process within the educational community. Multicultural education promotes and enhances rights. Multicultural education is critical education. It encourages learners to think critically and confront the issues of their lives. Multicultural education inspires " cultural curiosity." " THE GOAL OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT IS TO CONTRIBUTE TO BUILDING A PEACEFUL AND BETTER WORLD BY EDUCATING YOUTH THROUGH SPORT PRACTISED IN ACCORDANCE WITH OLYMPISM AND ITS VALUES." ( OLYMPIC CHARTER) " ESSENTIALLY THE NEW CURRICULUM WILL… FOSTER LEARNING WHICH ENCOMPASSES A CULTURE OF HUMAN RIGHTS, MULTILINGUALISM AND MULTICULTURALISM AND A SENSITIVITY TO THE VALUES OF RECONCILIATION AND NATION- BUILDING." ( QUOTED BY PROFESSOR S. BENGU. 1997. PREFACE TO CURRICULUM 2005. GOVERNMENT OF SOUTH AFRICA) C: RESPECT FOROTHERS SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES91 WHEN YOUNG PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN A MULTICULTURAL WORLD LEARN TO ACCEPT AND RESPECT DIVERSITY AND PRACTISE PERSONAL PEACEFUL BEHAVIOUR, THEY PROMOTE PEACE AND INTERNATIONAL UNDERSTANDING. 10 Adapted from Le Roux, J. ( 1997). Multicultural Education: What Every Teacher Should Know. Pretoria, South Africa: Kagiso Publishers, pp. 43- 47. AboveAthens 2004: Gilberto Godoy Filho ( BRA) ( left) consoles Luigi Mastrangelo ( ITA) after Brazil win the gold medal match in the men's volleyball.

92TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM BEFORE YOU READ – QUESTIONS TO ASK What is racism? How do people who are racist show discrimination? Why are people racist? READING Black and White at the Olympic Games – Friends Forever In the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin there were two outstanding athletes competing in the long jump. One was a German athlete, Luz Long. The other was an African- American, Jesse Owens. A racist government was in power in Germany. Its leader, Adolf Hitler, wanted Luz Long to defeat the American and prove that white people were better than others. In his last jump, Jessie Owens defeated the German. Hitler left the podium before the medal ceremony. Long did not share his leader's prejudice. The two men walked arm in arm off the field. There was no place in the hearts of either man for Hitler's racism. Jesse Owens went on to be the hero of the Berlin Games, winning four gold medals. Long was later killed in the Second World War. Owens said he wasn't bothered by Hitler's actions." I didn't go to Berlin to shake hands with him anyway", was his comment. To put this story into perspective, Germany wasn't the only country in the world where people experienced racism. In another famous quote Owens said," I wasn't invited to shake hands with Hitler. But I wasn't invited to the White House to shake hands with the President either." FOR DISCUSSION Long's action at the Berlin Olympics is sometimes described as courageous and inspiring. Why might some people describe his action as courageous and/ or inspiring? Many people around the world suffer or have suffered because people who come from one race or tribe think they are superior. Why do people sometimes think this way? AboveBerlin 1936: Luz Long ( GER) and Jesse Owens ( USA). LIVINGRESPECT USE THIS STORY AS A WAY TO BEGIN A DISCUSSION ON THE PROBLEMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF RACISM.