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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT READING " I HAVE A DREAM THAT ONE DAY THIS NATION WILL RISE UP AND LIVE OUT THE TRUE MEANING OF ITS CREED, ' WE HOLD THESE TRUTHS TO BE SELF- EVIDENT: THAT ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL…' I HAVE A DREAM THAT MY FOUR LITTLE CHILDREN WILL ONE DAY LIVE IN A NATION WHERE THEY WILL NOT BE JUDGED BY THE COLOUR OF THEIR SKIN BUT BY THE CONTENT OF THEIR CHARACTER. I HAVE A DREAM TODAY… THIS IS OUR HOPE… WHEN WE LET FREEDOM RING, WHEN WE LET IT RING FROM EVERY VILLAGE AND EVERY HAMLET, FROM EVERY STATE AND EVERY CITY, WE WILL BE ABLE TO SPEED UP THAT DAY WHEN ALL OF GOD'S CHILDREN, BLACK MEN AND WHITE MEN, JEWS AND GENTILES, PROTESTANTS AND CATHOLICS, WILL BE ABLE TO JOIN HANDS AND SING IN THE WORDS OF THE OLD NEGRO SPIRITUAL, ' FREE AT LAST! FREE AT LAST! THANK GOD ALMIGHTY, WE ARE FREE AT LAST!' " FOR DISCUSSION What is the most important message of Dr King's speech? What is his dream? There is a song called," They have to be carefully taught." How are people taught to disrespect or dislike other people? Why are they taught to treat other people with disrespect? What are some of the reasons why there is conflict between people of different races or cultures? What actions could you take today to help other young people find peace and respect in their lives? Below Washington DC, USA, 1963: American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. ( 1929- 1968) speaking to the crowd at the March on Washington. " IHAVEADREAM" 11 MARTINLUTHERKING SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES93 IN THIS SPEECH, MARTIN LUTHER KING JR IS ADDRESSING THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE IN A RALLY IN THE USA AT A TIME WHEN BLACK PEOPLE IN AMERICA WERE TRYING TO REGAIN THEIR HUMAN RIGHTS. THE MESSAGE OF HIS SPEECH HAS MEANING IN MANY PLACES OF THE WORLD WHERE THERE IS CONFLICT BETWEEN PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT RACES, RELIGIONS AND TRADITIONS. 11 Excerpts from a speech delivered on the steps at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D. C. USA on 28 August, 1963 ( Source: http:// www. usconstitution. net/ dream. html)

94TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM Let there be peace on earth, and let it begin with me. Discuss: Identify one action that you could take today that would ( Sy Miller & Jill Jackson) help to create peace between you and someone in your family, or between you and a friend. Using order to deal with the disorderly, using calm to Discuss: When things in your life seem disorganised and chaotic, deal with the clamourous, is mastering the heart.( Sun Tzu) what strategy is suggested by Sun Tzu? Great trouble comesDiscuss: What does Tao Te Ching say is the reason for many From not knowing what is enough. conflicts in the world? How does he think these conflicts could be Great conflicts arise from wanting too much. resolved? When we know when enough is enough, There will always be enough.( Tao Te Ching) Men travel faster, now, but I do not know if they go to Discuss: The Olympic motto is " Faster, Higher, Stronger." better things.( Willa Cather) Some people think that trying to go " faster, higher and stronger" is not always a way to create a " better and more peaceful world." There is more to life than increasing its speed. Do Willa Cather and Mahatma Gandhi agree with them? ( Mahatma Gandhi) Do you agree with them? Why or why not? See how nature – trees, flowers, grass – grows in silence, Discuss: Many great teachers say that a few minutes of quiet time see the stars, the moon and the sun, how they move in every day helps us to remain calm in the midst of conflicting silence… We need silence to be able to touch souls. situations. Where could you find a quiet place to enjoy a few ( Mother Teresa) minutes of silence each day? When would you do this? Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the Discuss: How does anger harm the person who is angry? Talk intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one about a situation when you were angry. In what way did your who gets burned.( Buddha) anger harm you? Speaking without thinking is like shooting without Discuss: Bad words between people leave lasting wounds. How taking aim.( Spanish proverb) can you keep yourself from " shooting off your mouth" before you have time to think about the consequences of what you are saying? The two words " peace" and " tranquillity" are worth a Discuss: Why do you think the author of this statement thinks that thousand pieces of gold.( Chinese proverb) peace and tranquillity are so valuable? When you are " feeling peaceful" how do you feel? A man that studieth revenge keeps his own wounds green. Discuss: What is revenge? What does this saying mean? ( Francis Bacon) Do you agree with it? Why do some people want revenge? You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist. Discuss: Explain this saying. Do you agree? At the end of a game ( Indira Gandhi) that you lost, it is sometimes hard to shake hands. Why is it important to shake hands anyway? PEACEBEGINS WITHME12 EACH OF THE SENTENCES ON THE LEFT- HAND SIDE OF THE PAGE SPEAKS WISDOM ABOUT LIVING A LIFE OF PEACE. READ THE SENTENCES AND THEN DISCUSS THE IDEAS ON THE RIGHT HAND SIDE. 12 Binder. D. 2000. Be A Champion in Life. Athens: Foundation of Olympic and Sport Education, p. 145