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94TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM Let there be peace on earth, and let it begin with me. Discuss: Identify one action that you could take today that would ( Sy Miller & Jill Jackson) help to create peace between you and someone in your family, or between you and a friend. Using order to deal with the disorderly, using calm to Discuss: When things in your life seem disorganised and chaotic, deal with the clamourous, is mastering the heart.( Sun Tzu) what strategy is suggested by Sun Tzu? Great trouble comesDiscuss: What does Tao Te Ching say is the reason for many From not knowing what is enough. conflicts in the world? How does he think these conflicts could be Great conflicts arise from wanting too much. resolved? When we know when enough is enough, There will always be enough.( Tao Te Ching) Men travel faster, now, but I do not know if they go to Discuss: The Olympic motto is " Faster, Higher, Stronger." better things.( Willa Cather) Some people think that trying to go " faster, higher and stronger" is not always a way to create a " better and more peaceful world." There is more to life than increasing its speed. Do Willa Cather and Mahatma Gandhi agree with them? ( Mahatma Gandhi) Do you agree with them? Why or why not? See how nature – trees, flowers, grass – grows in silence, Discuss: Many great teachers say that a few minutes of quiet time see the stars, the moon and the sun, how they move in every day helps us to remain calm in the midst of conflicting silence… We need silence to be able to touch souls. situations. Where could you find a quiet place to enjoy a few ( Mother Teresa) minutes of silence each day? When would you do this? Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the Discuss: How does anger harm the person who is angry? Talk intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one about a situation when you were angry. In what way did your who gets burned.( Buddha) anger harm you? Speaking without thinking is like shooting without Discuss: Bad words between people leave lasting wounds. How taking aim.( Spanish proverb) can you keep yourself from " shooting off your mouth" before you have time to think about the consequences of what you are saying? The two words " peace" and " tranquillity" are worth a Discuss: Why do you think the author of this statement thinks that thousand pieces of gold.( Chinese proverb) peace and tranquillity are so valuable? When you are " feeling peaceful" how do you feel? A man that studieth revenge keeps his own wounds green. Discuss: What is revenge? What does this saying mean? ( Francis Bacon) Do you agree with it? Why do some people want revenge? You cannot shake hands with a clenched fist. Discuss: Explain this saying. Do you agree? At the end of a game ( Indira Gandhi) that you lost, it is sometimes hard to shake hands. Why is it important to shake hands anyway? PEACEBEGINS WITHME12 EACH OF THE SENTENCES ON THE LEFT- HAND SIDE OF THE PAGE SPEAKS WISDOM ABOUT LIVING A LIFE OF PEACE. READ THE SENTENCES AND THEN DISCUSS THE IDEAS ON THE RIGHT HAND SIDE. 12 Binder. D. 2000. Be A Champion in Life. Athens: Foundation of Olympic and Sport Education, p. 145

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT BEFORE YOU READ: QUESTIONS TO ASK What rights are protected by the constitution in your country? How are these rights protected? Vocabulary: inherent, inalienable, barbarous, aspiration, compelled, recourse, reaffirmed, jurisdiction, endowed, sovereignty READING UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS13 Introduction Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people, Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law, Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations, Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom, Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realisation of this pledge, Now, therefore, The General Assembly proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. Article 1 All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Article 2 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non- self- governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. Article 3 Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person... FOR DISCUSSION List the " human rights" that are talked about in these articles from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. What does security of personmean? What are the effects of discrimination and violations of human rights on individuals, families and communities? What are some examples of human rights problems in the world? In your country? In your community? In your school/ classroom? What actions can people take to protect their rights? Below 1955: A man looks at The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, one of the first documents published by the United Nations. HUMANRIGHTS: THE ALPHABETFOR RESPECT AND ACCEPTANCE SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES95 IN 1949 THE UNITED NATIONS AGREED ON THE WORDING FOR A UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS. THIS DOCUMENT OUTLINES THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF A SOCIETY IN WHICH EVERYONE HAS THE RIGHT TO DIGNITY AND FREEDOM. 13 Adopted by UN General Assembly. Resolution 217A ( III) of 10 December 1948 ( excerpt only)