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OLYMPIC REVIEW33 OLYMPIC CONGRESS and 1319 contributions from the general public. A synthesis of the ideas contained in the contributions will be fed into the proceedings of the Congress. The contributions from the Olympic Family and selected contributions from the public will be published in hard copy format before October. The IOC will extend a special invitation to 20 members of the general public, who participated in the Virtual Olympic Congress, to attend the Congress in Copenhagen this year. These individuals will have the opportunity to take part in the debates and witness first hand the workings of the Olympic Movement. No doubt they will take away some incredible memories of their time at this momentous occasion! ¦ LeftThe Virtual Congress allowed the public to give their opinion on the future of the Olympic Movement What inspired your contribution to the Virtual Congress? I thought it was a brilliant idea to let the general public participate in sharing ideas instead of always turning to the same people for ideas. How best do you think the Olympic Movement can connect with the general public and sports fans? I think the Virtual Congress was a good idea to connect, but there should be more advertising for the Olympic ideas and actions; I only came across the Virtual Congress accidentally, although I am very interested in the Olympic Movement. So I think there should generally be more media presence etc. to get the public involved. What do you think are the biggest challenges currently facing the Olympic Movement? Currently I fear the doping issue is the biggest threat and challenge to the Olympic Movement because sport is in danger of losing its credibility. Measures have to be taken to prevent this from happening. What sets the Olympic Games apart from other sporting events? The Olympic Games have always had a certain spirit about them, with the whole world united watching and talking about the same events. What sports do you participate in and/ or enjoy watching? I am an active runner, skier and windsurfer and also like doing many other sports such as hiking, rock climbing, canoeing and cross country skiing. I mostly watch athletics and football but am interested in many more. What is your favourite Olympic memory? I have made friends for a lifetime when volunteering at the Olympic Games in Athens and couldn't imagine not knowing them now. Subsequent trips and travels together afterwards, including to the Olympic Games of Torino and Beijing, have deeply shaped me, and I am very thankful for these unique experiences. MARIE KRONBERG GERMANY, RESEARCH ASSISTANT AND ASSISTANT LECTURER, UNIVERSITY OF PASSAU What inspired your contribution to the Virtual Congress? We wanted the IOC to take into account in biddings and negotiations the specific interests and the legacy expectations of " developing and upcoming" countries. This in contrast to biddings from and negotiations with " developed" Northern countries. How best do you think the Olympic movement can connect with the general public and sports fans? Sport does not automatically produce positive effects. Good planning, sustained reflective action and quality criteria for good delivery of sport are needed to unlock the potential of sport. We welcome sponsorship and media coverage however sponsorship mustn't conflict with the ethical basis of sport and the interests of the athletes. The drawbacks of a too intrusive commercialisation are that this undermines the public's belief that positive values prevail in sport, and this reinforces a generalised cynical attitude. What do you think are the best challenges currently facing the Olympic movement? The promotion of the Olympic values is so serious and fundamental that local action is no longer likely to have any effect. Action should be taken at the world level to guarantee its effectiveness. The IOC should take the lead in the promotion in ethics in sport. In your opinion what sets the Olympic Games apart from other sporting events? The IOC ( Olympic values, Olympic family, Olympic academy) is more explicit in identifying and making reference to positive values. What sports do you participate in and/ or enjoy watching? I am an ex- participant in athletics and rugby but enjoy watching all sports ( mainly those associated with the summer Olympic Games - athletics and gymnastics for example.) What is your favourite Olympic memory? I have many individual favourite moments ( Jesse Owens, Nadia Comaneci, Teofilo Stevenson; Usain Bolt; Mark Spitz; Carl Lewis) but mainly the performances of African athletes in general as it shows that " Africa can". ANDRÉ TRAVILL SOUTH AFRICA, DEPUTY DEAN OF FACULTY OF COMMUNITY AND HEALTH SCIENCES

What inspired your contribution to the Virtual Congress? The chance to be listened to by the International Olympic Committee. Since I am not a member of any national sports federation or of the Argentine Olympic Committee, it was a unique opportunity to express my ideas and ideals as well as my feelings towards the Olympic Movement, which I live passionately. How best do you think the Olympic Movement can connect with the general public and sports fans? In my opinion, the key for the Olympic Movement to connect better with the general public and the sports fans around the world is through a strong action carried out by the National Olympic Committees ( NOCs) LUIS ABBIATI ARGENTINA, STUDENT 34OLYMPIC REVIEW OLYMPIC CONGRESS broad range of narratives about the complexity of the sporting experience - that is, stories of triumph, tribulations, heroism, success, defeat, joy, pain, anguish, and misery. Moreover, no other event can emulate the same degree of awe, expectation, excitement, ( and hype) captivated by the spectacle of the Olympic Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies. What sports do you participate in and/ or enjoy watching? I have participated in running, field hockey, lawn bowls, squash, volleyball, water polo and ten- pin bowling. During the Olympic Games, I particularly enjoy white- water kayak/ canoe events, field athletic events, diving, gymnastics and swimming. During the Winter Olympic Games, I enjoy the luge and bobsleigh events, slalom, and speed skating. What is your favourite Olympic memory? Recently I watched, as many others did too, Michael Phelps' epic gold medal swims. At the Beijing Games too, I also clearly remember the feats of Benjamin Boukpeti, who earned a bronze medal for Togo in the men's kayak slalom - Togo's first Olympic medal. My earliest memories, however, are as a nine- year- old, watching the picturesque shots of Barcelona's La Sagrada Familia cathedral prior to the opening ceremony of the 1992 Olympic Games, and then in 1996 being mesmerised by fellow young New Zealand swimmer Danyon Loader as he won gold in the 200m and 400m freestyle at the Games in Atlanta. GEOFF KOHE NEW ZEALAND, PHD STUDENT AND TEACHING ASSISTANT, UNIVERSITY OF OTAGO What inspired your contribution to the Virtual Congress? I have learnt about different aspects of the Olympic Movement but the particular area I have found of interest has been Olympic education. The continued popularity of the Games in classrooms around the world, Western- led educational reforms, advances in media and internet- based curriculum development and delivery, and my own country's lead in designing Olympic education resources led me to critique some of the assumptions made in Olympic education about values based education. How best do you think the Olympic Movement can connect with the general public and sports fans? I believe strongly that the IOC should remain committed to making the Games ' experience', albeit highly mediated, available to as great a number of people as possible. It would be a mistake not to explore new forms of communication and connection. There is enormous potential with technologies such as Bluetooth and iphones, and social networking spaces such as Facebook, Twitter, and MySpace, ( which are already being used by some members of the Olympic family). What do you think are the biggest challenges currently facing the Olympic Movement? The Olympic Movement will need to address more closely the issue of largesse. With the increasing size of the Games come increased pressures on bid and host cities and their citizens to meet the IOC's high standards. The continued social, cultural, and economic ' cost' of the Games, before, during, and long after the athletes have left town remains a particularly topical issue. Unfortunately, many cities in parts of the world where the Olympic Movement could potentially flourish miss out because they are unable to satisfy the necessary requirements. The Olympic Movement might be able to become more relevant to a greater number of people, communities, and cultures if it relaxed some of the stringent criteria it demands from potential host city candidates. In your opinion what sets the Olympic Games apart from other sporting events? No other sport event comes close in bringing together as diverse a group of athletes to compete in as many different sports and sporting events. The Olympic Games also offers us, as spectators, an invariably