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46OLYMPIC REVIEW A central tenet of the Olympic Charter is that the administration and management ofsport should be controlled by independent sports bodies. Part of the role of sporting organisations is to take measures aimed at protecting the independence of the Olympic Movement. At the same time, these bodies must work closely with public and private organisations. How does the Olympic Movement ensure that conditions are in place to guarantee its independence, while ensuring that this process does not compromise valuable relations with relevant public or private bodies? What, furthermore, does the notion of " autonomy of the Olympic movement" actually represent towards the end of this first decade of the new millennium? From whom and in relation to what exactly should the Olympic Movement be autonomous? To what extent does the political, legal or financial dependence of the Olympic Movement's various branches in relation to outside bodies potentially conflict with their autonomy? And in what ways can the Olympic Movement best cooperate with different governments and supranational governmental organisations? This holds particular significance in matters such as the fight against doping, racism, and the promotion of a healthier lifestyle - all areas in which the IOC and the Olympic Movement rely on the goodwill and support of governments. After a meeting with the EU Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Youth, earlier in the year, IOC President Jacques Rogge said: " Organised sport is one of the biggest social movements in society, and its social, educational and health-promoting role is significant. At the same time sports organisations also need the support of the EU to tackle challenges like doping, irregular betting, racism and violence and to safeguard the Aboveand rightIOC President Jacques Rogge has made the fight against doping one of the priorities for the Movement Gado

OLYMPIC REVIEW47 OLYMPIC CONGRESS specificity of sports structures and sporting rules." Considerations of autonomy aside, the relationship between the Olympic Movement and its stakeholders is another topic that is ripe for debate. Working closely, as it does, with governments, the media, and assorted commercial and non-commercial partners, the Olympic Movement needs to evaluate the ways in which dealings with such bodies can be further enhanced. After all, it is critical that such relationships bear fruit in terms of successfully delivering the objectives of the Olympic Movement, and that the experience of all parties is one of mutual respect. It is a given that good governance and ethics - including transparency and integrity - should also lie at the heart of the Olympic Movement. Again, how both these concepts relate to today's Olympic Movement could benefit from a fresh look - the particular focus being on whether or not sports administrators are sufficiently trained in these areas. The Olympic Movement does not operate in a vacuum and it recognises that the nature of its relationships with third parties is key to its success. ¦ The Olympic Movement is an integral part of today's social fabric. How do you see its role in society? The values and the principles contained in the Olympic Charter are relevant not just to the sporting world, but also to society. It is our role and responsibility as members of the Olympic Movement to champion these ideals and exemplify them through our work. I have often witnessed first hand, the use of sport as a force for good. All stakeholders of the Olympic Movement need to continue to work together to unleash more of the potential that sport holds for society as a whole. One area of discussion at the Congress is " Olympism and Youth". What are your views on some of the issues? Our lifestyles have changed dramatically over the years. Urban dwelling has increased and brought with it a higher standard of living for many people. However, it has also resulted in some unintended consequences such as pollution, insecurity and a lack of green spaces for children to play. It is of little wonder that people, especially young people, are leading a more sedentary life. In the future we need to try and make the practice of sport and sporting facilities more universal so that young people everywhere can avail of its benefits. I throw my support behind international and national youth sporting events as they are an excellent way of impressing upon young people the importance of fairplay, sportsmanship and camaraderie in a competitive environment. There is much talk about maintaining the " autonomy" of sport. However, the IOC and the Olympic Movement needs the support of governments to stage the Olympic Games, to effectively fight doping among other initiatives. Is there not a contradiction? A common belief is that the term ' autonomy of sport' implies sporting organisations, including the IOC, work in a vacuum without any form of accountability. It goes without saying that the Olympic Movement needs the support and goodwill of governments in order to carry out its work effectively. The " autonomy of sport" is based on mutual respect between sporting organisations and governments. How can the Olympic Movement best cooperate with different governments and supranational governmental organisations? If their autonomy is to be respected, sporting organisations in the Olympic Movement need to ensure that they apply principles of ' good governance' to their everyday work. They must hold themselves to stringent ethical standards and ensure a high degree of transparency and accountability. To this end there is a need to invest more in the training and professional development of sports administrators. Only by enhancing and solidifying out internal structures and functioning can we demand the full respect of governments. THOMAS BACH, IOC EXECUTIVE BOARD VICE- PRESIDENT