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62OLYMPIC REVIEW F or many people around the world, 13 is an unlucky number. This was anything but the case for the city of Copenhagen in Denmark, which recently hosted the 13th Olympic Congress. The Danish hosts did not leave anything to chance, however. Over a period of a week, Copenhagen hosted many foreign dignitaries and representatives of the entire Olympic Movement attending the 121st IOC Session and the Olympic Congress. On 3 October 2009, IOC President Jacques Rogge opened the 13th Olympic Congress in the presence of 1,249 Congress participants. The Congress provided a rare opportunity THE 13TH OLYMPIC CONGRESS IN COPENHAGEN, DENMARK, SAW THE OLYMPIC FAMILY GATHER TO DISCUSS AND DEBATE THE FUTURE DIRECTION AND PRIORITIES OF THE MOVEMENT OLYMPIC CONGRESS

when, at the end of the Congress, participants applauded the final document containing 66 recommendations pertaining to various aspects of the Olympic Movement's work. These recommendations were based on an inclusive preparatory process that began in late 2007 with the establishment of the Virtual Olympic Congress. This website allowed for members of the Olympic Family to submit written contributions on the topics of discussion. A few months later the website was open to the public in order to canvass their views and opinions on " The Olympic Movement in Society". This overarching theme was divided into five broad discussion themes: 1) the athletes 2) the Olympic Games3) the Structure of the Olympic Movement 4) Olympism and Youth and 5) the Digital Revolution. Each of these themes was further subdivided into three subthemes. Based on the 453 contributions received from the Olympic Family and the 1,319 contributions received from members of the public, the nine- member Editorial Committee was tasked with the job of drafting the recommendations. At the Congress a half day was devoted to the discussions of each of the five themes. The morning and afternoon plenary sessions were followed by three simultaneous breakout sessions on the respective subthemes. Congress participants heard from many respected speakers during these sessions including: His Excellency José Ramos Horta, President of Timor- Leste; Olympic medallists Frank Fredericks and Jean- Claude Killy; Thomas Bach IOC Vice President and Presdient of the German National Olympic Committee; and Martin Sorrell, CEO of the WPP group. The breakout session on each of the subthemes began with presentations from a panel of speakers followed by a discussion period, which gave participants the opportunity to voice their opinions. The main discussion points from each breakout session were carefully recorded by rapporteurs who informed the Editorial Committee at the end of each day. The final document reflects the main ideas to come out of the discussions in Copenhagen. For those who were unable to attend the Congress, the plenary and breakout sessions were livecast on the internet. This allowed even those people outside the Olympic Movement to witness the work of the Congress and hear the discussions as they happened. ( Videos of the plenary sessions can be found on www. olympic. org) What is now left is for the Olympic Family to start putting the 66 recommendations into practice. To quote the charismatic Arthur Ashe, " Success is a journey, not a destination. The doing is often more important than the outcome". Indeed, there is a great deal of work ahead for the Olympic Movement as the recommendations cover a number of areas including: 1) the importance of getting young people engaged in sport; 2) better protecting athletes, medically, psychologically and after their sporting careers; 3) taking full advantage of new digital technology 4) using the new Youth Olympic Games as a model for youth competition. In particular, delegates asked for closer cooperation between governments and sports organisations and called for the creation of a new IOC Commission to oversee this task. Delegates also acknowledged the " digital divide" and recommended the creation of a digital task force. While the 13th Olympic Congress won many plaudits, its true success will be seen in time. The Olympic Movement now has a blueprint for the future. It is now to time to translate words into action. ¦ OLYMPIC REVIEW63 OLYMPIC CONGRESS for the entire Olympic Family ( IOC members, representatives of National Olympic Committee ( NOCs), International Federations ( IFs), the Organising Committees of the Olympic Games ( OCOGS), athletes, coaches, media, sponsors) to meet and discuss issues of importance to the entire Movement. Such gatherings are rare. The last time was in Paris in 1994 during the Centennial Congress for Peace and Unity. In his keynote speech to the Congress, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki- moon ( main picture), stated that sport is " a universal language that unites people and builds bridges." That unity was well demonstrated IN THE LEAD UP TO THE OLYMPIC CONGRESS, THE IOC SPONSORED A VIDEO CONTEST ON YOUTUBE, ASKING USERS WHAT THEY THOUGHT THE FUTURE OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES WAS. TWO WINNERS WERE INVITED TO COPENHAGEN TO ATTEND THE CONGRESS What inspired you to post a video on YouTube about the future of the Olympic Games? My future dream is to become a member of the IOC. I am passionate about sport and about international relations and I want to become the first female South Korean IOC member. Your video focused on how sport can influence politics and society. Why did you focus on this? I would like to see a unified Korean team competing at the Olympic Games. The power of sport inspires people - I play football myself, I'm the only female soccer player in my university. At first they refused to let me play but it was my goal and I became a midfield player for the International Studies team in our university league. Which part of the Congress did you enjoy the most? The Youth section; particularly to see how the Olympic Movement can help youngsters in developing countries to be able to participate in sport and use it to improve their lives and situations. KANG- EUN LEE FROM SOUTH KOREA, STUDYING IN FRANCE AS AN EXCHANGE STUDENT What persuaded you to post on YouTube about the future of the Olympic Games? I saw the promotion on the World Archery Federation website. I have always been interested in the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games and saw it as my chance to contribute to the Movement. I am an archer and hope to compete at the 2012 Games in London. How did you make the video? I brainstormed ideas for about a month and my coach came up with the idea of staging it in the future - showing what the Games would be like then. I was at an archery tournament and during a break in the comp we filmed it in one single take. Which part of the Congress did you enjoy the most? Probably the athletes' section as I am a young athlete myself so can relate to that and also the speech by Ban Ki- moon - he has such a presence about him and I was able to shake his hand, which I'm still shaking about. VANESSA LEE 20- YEARS- OLD, FOURTH YEAR- STUDENT AT UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO IN FACULTY OF PE AND HEALTH