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G-20 MEMBERS105Below: Dr SusiloBambang Yudhoyonoprojects, will total some 17.3 million tonnes of carbondioxide every year - a considerable contribution toclimate stability. To develop the know-how andexpertise required to accelerate the exploitation of thisresource, we will also invest in a network of geothermalcentre of excellence. This network of centre of excellence, which will bringtogether Indonesia and world experts, can be the base-camp of a world wide effort, to enhance the use of this renewable and sustainable source of energyaround the world.I would like you to see it as a world geothermallaboratory, where new techniques and newtechnologies can be tested. Our acceleratedinvestment programme will be developed forapproximately 50 per cent by our state-ownedcompanies. For the other 50 per cent, we will invite the private sector to take part. Already we have seen the contributions from Chevron, Star Energy and Medco, and we hope to see more experiencedinternational companies take up this challenge.I know that, there are still a number of obstaclesstanding in the way of attracting strong local andinternational firms to invest. I have taken measures toremove these obstacles. The first one, the possibleoverlapping use of geothermal in pristine forest areas has already been resolved, and the first licensesfor development in Kamojang and Lumut Balai havebeen released.I truly hope that Indonesia will lead the world indeveloping geothermal energy. Our network of centre ofexcellence will support that development. But will alsobe open to cooperation with ASEAN, Africa and LatinAmerican countries to develop this resource. I am confident that drilling operations for geothermalenergy in any part of Indonesia will have very minimal impact, if any, on the environment. We have the technology and the skilled manpower for that purpose. It is my strong hope that the efforts to tap the potentialof geothermal energy will be successful, not only inIndonesia but also everywhere else in the world, wheregeothermal energy reserves are still to be madeserviceable. I hope that the International Geothermal Associationwill give new momentum to such a global effort, byhelping to mobilise the enormous investment that isdesperately needed. This effort, of course, is part of a larger package ofmitigation and adaptation measures, that arenecessary to successfully manage the reality of climatechange. Everything that can reduce carbon emissionsmust be brought into play. Indonesia will strive to reduce its carbon emissionsthrough such measures as resorting to clean andenvironmentally friendly sources of energy, includinggeothermal, and an increase in energy efficiency. We will also strive at sustainable management of ourforests, as well as our coastal and oceans resource -especially our coral reefs. Through such endeavours,we expect to reduce our carbon emissions by 26 per cent by 2020. With sufficient internationalassistance, we can raise that target to 41 per cent. Iam confident that we can reach this goal, while alsoensuring sustainable and equitable economic growthfor our people. nThis is an edited version of the opening speech by H.E.Dr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the President of theRepublic of Indonesia, at the World GeothermalCongress 2010 in Bali. Further information may befound at

" "WE WILLSTEADILY SUPPORT DEVELOPINGCOUNTRIES THATARE VULNERABLETO THE NEGATIVEIMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ixty-five years ago, at the time of theUnited Nation's creation, Japan, in itspost-World War II state, faced challengessimilar to those confronting thedeveloping countries today. To overcome them, Japan received a considerable assistance from theinternational community. Therefore, Japan has specialinterest in the achievement of the MillenniumDevelopment Goals (MDGs), which is the main themeof the General Assembly this year. Today, the international community is facing a series ofchallenges that include poverty, hunger, infectiousdiseases, proliferation of weapons of mass destructionand missiles, regional conflicts, and globalenvironmental issues. I am deeply honoured to begiven this opportunity to speak to you about mythoughts on the role today's Japan should play in theinternational community, based on its experience. Ishould like to begin by sharing with you an idea that Ihold dear. I firmly believe that the primary role of theleader of a country should be to create a society inwhich human suffering is reduced to a minimum. Ibelieve that it is the duty of all political leaders tominimise the sources of human suffering such aspoverty, disease and conflict. I shall now discussJapan's concrete contributions, guided by this idea. After the Second World War, Japan achieved economicreconstruction owing in part to the assistance from theinternational community. Later, through rapideconomic growth, Japan became one of the majoreconomic powers. With such history behind, Japancannot overlook the realities of the world today, wherea billion people suffer from hunger, nearly one millionpeople die each year of malaria, and poverty keepssome 72 million children out of school. Japan attachesa great importance to achieving the MDGs. When I attended the MDG High-level Plenary MeetingI announced the new contributions in the health andeducation areas as the "Kan Commitment". Behindthis initiative is my earnest desire to save all infantlives and to let every child go to school. We will provideUS$5 billion in health assistance and US$3.5 billionin education assistance over the course of five years.Our commitment in the area of health includes acontribution of up to US$800 million to the GlobalFund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.Assistance in the area of education will provide high-quality environment for education to more than sevenmillion children. Japan will continue to work comprehensively ondevelopment assistance in accordance with theconcept of human security and lead the efforts of theinternational community towards meeting the MDGs.As a part of these efforts, Japan proposes to convenean international conference in Japan next year in orderto strengthen the coordination among a broad range ofstakeholders, including governments, internationalorganisations and NGOs, and follow up on the High-level Plenary Meeting. Reinforcing assistance to Africa, in particular, where the progress toward the achievement of theMDGs is slow, is one of the priorities of theinternational community. Attaining the MDGs in Africa is an important pillar of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development(TICAD) process. Japan is enhancing its efforts infields such as health, water and sanitation, educationand food. In order to steadily implement ourcommitments made at TICAD IV, including thedoubling of our ODA and providing support in order todouble private investment to Africa by 2012, Japanwill continue and strengthen its assistance. ACHIEVING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS106G-20 MEMBERSNAOTO KAN, PRIME MINISTER, JAPANSPhoto: UN Photo/Ky Chung