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CANCUN FOCUS019and the political response. I know it is possible, andabove all it is our responsibility.We need to be pragmatic, and pragmatism in this casedemands we be ambitious. The evidence shows weneed to do more and Cancún 2010 could mark thebeginning of a new era of agreements on climatechange. This is what our peoples expect. Mexico is doing its utmost to ensure that the meetingwill produce far-reaching agreements and concreteresults by providing clear and inclusive leadershipduring the discussions. Therefore I invite you all tokeep our ultimate goal in sight: the wellbeing of ourpeoples and the safeguarding of our planet must be ourpriorities. The elements for success are already on thetable, it is now up to all of us to collectively decide itsfinal shape and scope.I am convinced that our immediate response willdefine our future; to fail in this endeavor could meanthe greatest collective failure in human history. nABOUT THE AUTHORJuan Rafael Elvira Quesada, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT in Spanish) in Mexico has heldimportant positions in the federal publicadministration, including Vice-Attorney for Industrial Inspection at the Federal Attorney for the Environmental Protection (PROFEPA inSpanish) and Vice-Minister of Promotion andEnvironmental Regulation at the SEMARNAT. The administration of Mr Juan Elvira stands out forboosting the system of "payment for environmentalservices" as a mechanism to promote conservation ofnatural resources in Mexico (work that has beenrecognised by the World Bank and placed Mexico as a leader among developing countries in this field).Recently, Mr Elvira has been distinguished with various public recognitions for his leadershipand actions, including the Medal for Integration"Simón Bolívar".

"" MEXICO HASSPARED NO EFFORT TO FOSTERAN INCLUSIVE ANDTRANSPARENT NEGOTIATING ENVIRONMENT, TOREBUILD TRUSTAND CONFIDENCEAMONG PARTIESAND IN THE FORMAL NEGOTIATINGPROCESS ITSELFue to its broad implications for patterns ofproduction and consumption, generatingeffective action to address climate changeremains the greatest global problem of ourtime. No State can solve this challenge alone, and noState can afford to face the consequences lack ofprogress would bring. We must act globally, according toour common but differentiated responsibilities and ourrespective capabilities. All countries, regardless of their level of development,must be partners in building an ambitious, effective,and comprehensive global response. We must overcomeold debates and move towards concrete, immediate andsubstantial action. The 2010 UN Climate ChangeConferences in Cancún are an opportunity to do just this.As incoming President of the Cancun Conferences,Mexico has spared no effort to foster an inclusive and transparent negotiating environment, to rebuildtrust and confidence among Parties and in the formal negotiating process itself. We have conducted broad and open consultations with representatives from every regional group and other interest groups. We have worked within the formal process, whilst promoting informal consultations to facilitate commonunderstandings. We have also carried out extensiveoutreach efforts with civil society, the private sector, andother constituencies, convinced that fighting climatechange requires the merging of all our efforts.Engagement with legislators and local authorities hasalso been an important part of the process.Dealing with climate change goes to the very heart ofdevelopment strategies and to the way our economiesare run. What is needed is nothing short of a newindustrial revolution. We cannot further delay thenecessary decisions for a transition to a low-carbondevelopment pathway. We must launch and sustain aglobal effort to achieve our common objectives.The co-ordination between the public and privatesectors will be of central importance to our long-termsuccess. Governments must provide businesses with theproper incentives and a predictable legal framework thatallows investment to be channelled to clean, efficient,and renewable technologies in all sectors. That is whyMexico has promoted a series of Public-PrivateDialogues to encourage the exchange of ideas. We hopeand expect that this effort will be sustained over time.Negotiators have yet to reach agreement on severalimportant issues, and time is running short. Together,we must demonstrate the capacity of the UnitedNations system to address global challenges througheffective consensus-building mechanisms. We mustshow our ability and political will to deliver theimmediate and meaningful action that our societies arerightfully demanding.In Cancún we could agree upon a concrete package of measures that strengthens the implementation of the existing climate regime, ensuring the continuityof its basic principles. For that, we will need increased flexibility from all and a renewed sense ofshared responsibility. Developed countries must demonstrate clear leadershipwith ambitious emission reduction commitments in themedium and long term. Currently, pledged emissionsreductions by these Annex-I countries add up to areduction of between 11 and 16 per cent by 2020 fromthe 1990 baseline. This is well below the 25-40 percent range recommended by the IntergovernmentalPanel on Climate Change (IPCC). Developing countriesshould also agree onto enhanced and appropriateOPENING A NEW CHAPTER IN CLIMATE CO-OPERATION AT CANCÚN020CANCÚN FOCUSPATRICIA ESPINOSA CANTELLANO, MINISTER OF FOREIGN RELATIONS OF MEXICO AND INCOMING PRESIDENT OF COP16/CMP6D