"" MEXICO HASSPARED NO EFFORT TO FOSTERAN INCLUSIVE ANDTRANSPARENT NEGOTIATING ENVIRONMENT, TOREBUILD TRUSTAND CONFIDENCEAMONG PARTIESAND IN THE FORMAL NEGOTIATINGPROCESS ITSELFue to its broad implications for patterns ofproduction and consumption, generatingeffective action to address climate changeremains the greatest global problem of ourtime. No State can solve this challenge alone, and noState can afford to face the consequences lack ofprogress would bring. We must act globally, according toour common but differentiated responsibilities and ourrespective capabilities. All countries, regardless of their level of development,must be partners in building an ambitious, effective,and comprehensive global response. We must overcomeold debates and move towards concrete, immediate andsubstantial action. The 2010 UN Climate ChangeConferences in Cancún are an opportunity to do just this.As incoming President of the Cancun Conferences,Mexico has spared no effort to foster an inclusive and transparent negotiating environment, to rebuildtrust and confidence among Parties and in the formal negotiating process itself. We have conducted broad and open consultations with representatives from every regional group and other interest groups. We have worked within the formal process, whilst promoting informal consultations to facilitate commonunderstandings. We have also carried out extensiveoutreach efforts with civil society, the private sector, andother constituencies, convinced that fighting climatechange requires the merging of all our efforts.Engagement with legislators and local authorities hasalso been an important part of the process.Dealing with climate change goes to the very heart ofdevelopment strategies and to the way our economiesare run. What is needed is nothing short of a newindustrial revolution. We cannot further delay thenecessary decisions for a transition to a low-carbondevelopment pathway. We must launch and sustain aglobal effort to achieve our common objectives.The co-ordination between the public and privatesectors will be of central importance to our long-termsuccess. Governments must provide businesses with theproper incentives and a predictable legal framework thatallows investment to be channelled to clean, efficient,and renewable technologies in all sectors. That is whyMexico has promoted a series of Public-PrivateDialogues to encourage the exchange of ideas. We hopeand expect that this effort will be sustained over time.Negotiators have yet to reach agreement on severalimportant issues, and time is running short. Together,we must demonstrate the capacity of the UnitedNations system to address global challenges througheffective consensus-building mechanisms. We mustshow our ability and political will to deliver theimmediate and meaningful action that our societies arerightfully demanding.In Cancún we could agree upon a concrete package of measures that strengthens the implementation of the existing climate regime, ensuring the continuityof its basic principles. For that, we will need increased flexibility from all and a renewed sense ofshared responsibility. Developed countries must demonstrate clear leadershipwith ambitious emission reduction commitments in themedium and long term. Currently, pledged emissionsreductions by these Annex-I countries add up to areduction of between 11 and 16 per cent by 2020 fromthe 1990 baseline. This is well below the 25-40 percent range recommended by the IntergovernmentalPanel on Climate Change (IPCC). Developing countriesshould also agree onto enhanced and appropriateOPENING A NEW CHAPTER IN CLIMATE CO-OPERATION AT CANCÚN020CANCÚN FOCUSPATRICIA ESPINOSA CANTELLANO, MINISTER OF FOREIGN RELATIONS OF MEXICO AND INCOMING PRESIDENT OF COP16/CMP6D
CANCÚN FOCUS021mitigation actions, according to our common butdifferentiated responsibilities and capabilities.As a developing country, Mexico knows first-hand thatfinancing is key to ramping up responses on mitigationand adaptation to climate change. The existing financialarchitecture in this field is limited in scope, faces somedelays, and lacks a unified long-term vision. Anagreement on finance is paramount to allow realprogress in the implementation of all pillars of the BaliAction Plan. The creation of a Green Fund therefore iscentral to the overall effort and particularly important fordeveloping economies.We must also redouble our efforts around capacity-building, recognise the importance of reducingemissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as establish a dynamic framework for technology development and transfer. Action onadaptation must allow developing countries to enhance their resilience to the adverse impacts of climate change that most are already experiencing. The regime will necessarily require transparency, withstreamlined and clear procedures. We can all agree onthe importance of building confidence and following-upon the efforts undertaken, through differentiatedschemes of measurement, report and verification (MRV),both of mitigation and finance, and a mechanism thatprovides for international consultation and analysis (ICA).We must be ambitious, while also being realistic and pragmatic. We must deliver, and prove that themultilateral system remains the most effective path forreaching global solutions. The Conferences in Cancúnprovide a unique opportunity to start a new era of globalaction, based on what science tells us is required. nABOUT THE AUTHORAmbassador Patricia Espinosa was appointedSecretary of Foreign Affairs on 1 December 2006.She has been a member of the Mexican ForeignService since 16 September 1981 and was promotedto Ambassador in January 2000.From June 2002 until November 2006, she served asAmbassador to Austria, Slovenia and Slovakia and asPermanent Representative to the InternationalOrganisations in Vienna, and from 2001 through 2002,as Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany.Prior to that, Patricia Espinosa was Director Generalof Regional Organisations of the Americas at theSecretariat of Foreign Affairs from 1997 until 1999,National Coordinator for the Rio Group, the Ibero-American Summit, and the Latin America andCaribbean - European Union Summit.She was assigned to the Permanent Mission ofMexico to the United Nations in New York from 1993through to 1997. In September 1997 she completedher tenure as President of the 3rd Committee at the51st Session of the United Nations General Assembly.Ms Espinosa was Director of InternationalOrganisationsat the Secretariat of Foreign Affairsfrom 1991 to 1993. From 1989 to 1991 she servedas Chief of Cabinet to the Undersecretary of ForeignAffairs. From 1982 to 1988, she was responsible foreconomic affairs at the Permanent Mission of Mexicoto the United Nations in Geneva.Patricia Espinosa was educated at the GermanSchool Alexander von Humboldt in Mexico City, andcompleted one academic year in Ahrensburg,Germany. She graduated in International Relationsfrom El Colegio de México and continued herpostgraduate studies in International Law at theInstitute for High International Studies in Geneva.She is fluent in German, English and French.