page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
page 63
page 64
page 65
page 66
page 67
page 68
page 69
page 70
page 71
page 72
page 73
page 74
page 75
page 76
page 77
page 78
page 79
page 80
page 81
page 82
page 83
page 84
page 85
page 86
page 87
page 88
page 89
page 90
page 91
page 92
page 93
page 94
page 95
page 96
page 97
page 98
page 99
page 100
page 101
page 102
page 103
page 104
page 105
page 106
page 107
page 108
page 109
page 110
page 111
page 112
page 113
page 114
page 115
page 116
page 117
page 118
page 119
page 120
page 121
page 122
page 123
page 124
page 125
page 126
page 127
page 128
page 129
page 130
page 131
page 132

" "THE EUROPEANUNION WOULD BE READY TOREACH A LEGALLY BINDING DEAL IN CANCÚN, BUT IT IS EVIDENT THAT SOME OTHERKEY PLAYERS ARE NOTetting a global climate agreement that isstrong, comprehensive and legallybinding remains a top priority for theEuropean Union. It is clear that the globalchallenge of climate change can be tackled effectivelyonly through firm action by all the world's majoreconomies. Shifting from our carbon-intensive growth model to alow-carbon future is not only a vast challenge but alsoa huge opportunity to reinvigorate our economies andaccelerate our exit from the crisis. Innovation in low-carbon technologies such as energy efficiency,renewable energy and carbon capture and storagepromises to generate new sources of economic growthand jobs and strengthen our energy security. As European Commissioner for Climate Action, Iintend to ensure the European Union stays in thevanguard of this revolution through proactive climateand energy policies. Europe has committed unilaterally to cut ouremissions to 20 per cent below their 1990 level by2020, and we have passed legislation to achieve thisgoal. We are offering to increase our reduction to 30per cent over the same timescale if other majoreconomies commit to take on their fair share of thenecessary emissions effort. And for the long term wehave set ourselves the goal of cutting our emissions,together with other industrialised countries, to 80-95per cent below 1990 levels by 2050.The Copenhagen conference last year did not take theworld as far towards a global climate deal as many ofus had hoped. The political will was not there. TheCopenhagen Accord nevertheless represents progressand provides a sound basis to build on. Firstly, industrialised and developing countries alikeaccepted for the first time that they share jointresponsibility for keeping global warming below 2° C toavert the worst impacts of climate change. Some 140 countries, responsible for more than 80 percent of global emissions, have associated themselveswith the Accord, and over 75 have notified targets oractions to limit or reduce their emissions. The pledgesso far fall well short of what is needed to stay below2°C, but they are a start. Secondly, the industrialised world has putconsiderable funding on the table to help developingcountries combat climate change: nearly US$30billion in "fast-start" finance for 2010-2012 andUS$100 billion a year by 2020. Thirdly, in several areas the Copenhagen Accordprovides important political guidance for thecontinuing negotiations on a global agreement.The European Union would be ready to reach a legallybinding deal in Cancún, but it is evident that someother key players are not. Many of the problems wefaced in Copenhagen remain with us today. But thatdoes not mean we should not be ambitious. There ismuch that Cancún can and must deliver.The challenge for Cancún is to deliver an ambitiouspackage of decisions that responds to this need -apackage that both captures the progress achieved sofar and lays a solid basis for completing a global dealas soon as possible. It needs to be a balanced packagethat covers both tracks of the negotiations. It shouldalso lead to immediate action on a number of issues. Our developing country partners are clearly focusing onRight: Connie Hedegaardaims to see Europebecome the mostclimate-friendly region in the worldCANCÚN MUST TAKE US ABIG STEP CLOSER TO AGLOBAL CLIMATE DEAL026GLOBAL VOICESCONNIE HEDEGAARD, EUROPEAN COMMISSIONER FOR CLIMATE ACTIONG

GLOBAL VOICES027ensuring progress on a number of priority issues. Theseinclude addressing tropical deforestation, supportingtechnology cooperation as well as adaptation to theadverse impacts of climate change, and ensuring thatwe put the main elements of a long-term financingframework in place. Progress on these issues isimportant, but not enough. For the EU it is key that the Cancún outcome alsoaddresses mitigation by anchoring the emissionpledges made under the Copenhagen Accord into theUN process. This will provide a framework forstrengthening these pledges through internationalcooperation. To support the Cancún package and makeearly progress on the ground, some of the decisions tobe taken there should be underpinned by the launch ofspecific projects in developing countries financed byfast-start funding. The developing world understandably sees prompt, full and transparent delivery on the fast-startcommitment as a key test of the rich world'strustworthiness. The EU is well on track to deliver onits pledge of ?7.2 billion. We will provide a full reporton how we deliver in Cancún. Cancún should also address the future of theinternational carbon market. While I see no doubt thatthe Clean Development Mechanism will continue, wewant to see a strong message in support of overhaulingit to give it greater environmental integrity andintroducing new sectoral carbon market mechanismsthat can capture the considerable potential foremission savings in the major emerging economies. The EU is concerned about the lack of balancebetween the two tracks of the internationalnegotiations, which became so pronounced at theBonn session in August. This imbalance couldthreaten the success of Cancún if it persisted. The bottom line is that the United States and the majordeveloping economies have got to play their respectiveparts in a global deal if the world is to have a chance ofpreventing dangerous climate change.We could - but only on clear conditions -considersigning up to a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol. Kyoto in its current form will not keep global warming below 2°C - it covers less than 30 per cent of global emissions. The serious weaknesses which undermine the Protocol's environmental integrity also need to berectified before a second commitment period could be considered. We are ready. We think that the rest of the world shouldget ready - so that at the latest in South Africa we canreach the strong, comprehensive and legally bindingglobal agreement the world needs. Despite theobstacles that remain I am confident that, underMexico's leadership, Cancún can produce a balancedpackage of decisions which takes us a major stepcloser to that goal. nABOUT THE AUTHORConnie Hedegaard joined the European Commission as Commissioner for Climate Action, a new portfolio, in 2010. Her ambition is to see Europe become the most climate-friendlyregion in the world by the end of her five-yearmandate.Prior to moving to the Commission, ConnieHedegaard was Denmark's Minister for Climate andEnergy, and before that for Environment. She waselected member of the Danish parliament in 1984 at the age of 23, and from 1990 to 2004 she worked as a journalist and columnist for various TV and print media.