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G-20 MEMBERS0981 'What is the role of coal in the UnitedStates?', US Energy InformationAdministration Independent Statisticsand Analysis:http://www.eia.doe.gov/energy_in_brief/role_coal_us.cfm - accessed 14October 2010.2 Chapter 5 'Coal', Australian EnergyResource Assessment, 2010,Geoscience Australia.3 'How independent are we on foreignoil?', US Energy InformationAdministration Independent Statisticsand Analysis:http://www.eia.gov/energy_in_brief/foreign_oil_dependence.cfm - accessed 14October 2010.4 Underground Coal Gasificationchapter, Survey of Energy Resources,2007, World Energy Council.5 Compared with coal-fired powergeneration.6 Kempka, T., Nakaten, N., Azzam, R.,and Schl├╝ter, R., 2009, 'Economicviability of in-situ coal gasification withdownstream CO2storage, MiningReporter, Germany, pp43-50.7 'Remarks by the President to theNation on the BP Oil Spill', Office of thePress Secretary, The White House, 15June 2010:http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/remarks-president-nation-bp-oil-spill - accessed 14 October 2010.REFERENCES

" "WE WILL ACTIVELY CARRY OUT INTERNATIONALCO-OPERATION ONCLIMATE CHANGEUNDER THE PRINCIPLE OF'COMMON BUT DIFFERENTIATEDRESPONSIBILITIES'n a bid to achieve more sustainabledevelopment of its economy, China will continue to conserve resources and protect the environment whilepromoting research and technological development,declared Prime Minister Wen Jiabao speaking in Tianjin at the opening ceremony of the WorldEconomic Forum's Annual Meeting of the NewChampions 2010.The underlying impact of the international financialcrisis has not been fully eliminated, the world economyhas yet to enter a benign cycle of steady growth, andsystemic and structural risks are still prominent. Weneed to cement and build on what we have achieved incountering the financial crisis. We need to take intoconsideration both the immediate needs and long-term development and, while continuing to energisethe recovery, create conditions for sustainabledevelopment through structural reform. This is acommon task for all countries. In case of China, thereis a lack of balance, co-ordination and sustainability inthe economic development. The main problemsinclude the unreasonable economic structure, weakcapabilities for scientific and technological innovation,rising resources and environmental constraints,uneven urban-rural and regional development and lackof coordination between economic and socialdevelopment. Some of these problems are inescapablein our current stage of economic development, andsome are caused by inadequate institutional reform. Toeffectively address these deep-seated and structuralproblems, we will take an integrated approach thatbalances near-term macro control with long-termdevelopment and advances reform and opening-up inthe broader context of scientific development. Only inthis way can the Chinese economy achieve greater andmore sustainable development. For now and in the time to come, we will focus ourefforts in the following fields:We will pursue balanced growth of domestic andexternal demand and establish a long-termmechanism to expand domestic demand, consumerdemand in particular. The Chinese market is one withthe largest potential in the world. Fully tapping intothis potential and effectively unleashing the domesticdemand holds the key to a long-term and steadydevelopment of China's economy and meeting itssignificant challenges. We will speed up the reform ofthe income distribution system, and raise theproportion of individual income in the national incomeand the proportion of the primary distribution that goesto wages and salaries. We will create conditions formore people to earn income from property, reverse thetrend of widening income gap as quickly as possible,and boost the sustainable growth of people's incomeand consumer spending. With a commitment to co-ordinated development between urban and rural areasand between different regions, we will take active andprudent steps to advance urbanisation, and alloweligible rural migrant workers to gradually becomeurban residents in line with the local conditions. Wewill accelerate the building of the new countryside andimprove rural infrastructure and public services. Wewill continue to implement the overall strategy forregional development, push forward the developmentof the western region and the reinvigoration of the oldindustrial bases in northeast China and other places,energise the development of the central region,cultivate new drivers for domestic demand, and openup new space for the growth of domestic demand inrural areas and central and western regions. At thesame time, we will continue to make full use of boththe international and domestic markets. China'seconomy is an open economy, and China is both aCONSOLIDATING THE UPWARD MOMENTUM AND PROMOTING SUSTAINED GROWTH098G-20 MEMBERSWEN JIABAO, PRIME MINISTER, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINAIPhoto: UN Photo/Mark Garten