G-20 MEMBERS099Below: Chinese PrimeMinister Wen Jiabao major exporter and a major importer. We do not pursuesurplus in foreign trade. China runs a trade surpluswith the United States and Europe, yet a trade deficitwith Japan and the ROK. We have a surplus in theprocessing trade, yet a deficit in general trade. Ourexport growth is rapidly recovering, yet our import hasgrown even faster. We cannot and will not pursuedevelopment with our door closed. We will expanddomestic demand and at the same time activelystabilise and expand external demand, and strive toachieve balanced development of domestic andexternal demand.We will spur economic development throughinnovation and promotion of scientific andtechnological advances as well as upgrading of theindustrial structure. This is a strategic priority if we areto fundamentally ease the resources andenvironmental constraints, adapt ourselves to theadjustments in the international demand structure and new changes brought by the upgrading ofdomestic consumption, raise the quality and efficiency of our economic development and national competitiveness across the board, andpromote sustainable economic development. We will integrate our efforts in strengthening the capacityfor scientific and technological innovation with those for improving the modern industrial system. We will upgrade the traditional industries withadvanced technologies, nurture a number ofinternationally competitive enterprises with their ownintellectual property and well-known brands, and builda number of world-class modern industry clusterswhich can serve as growth drivers, so that China canmove from a big manufacturing country to a strongmanufacturing country. We will firmly grasp the newtrend in future scientific and technologicaladvancement, provide stronger policy support andplanning guidance, actively build the emergingindustries with strategic importance, develop newpillar industries as a faster pace, and strive for leap-frog development. We will accelerate the opening up ofthe service industry both domestically and externally,foster an enabling policy and institutional environmentfor its development and increase its proportion in thenational economy.We will continue to conserve resources and protect theenvironment, and raise the efficiency in resourceutilisation and the capacity of tackling climate change.To conserve resources and protect the environment isChina's basic state policy. We must accelerate theformation of an industrial structure, production modeland consumption pattern that are conducive to energyand resources conservation and eco-protection topromote harmony between man and nature. We willfurther improve laws and standards, strengthenaccountability evaluation in meeting environmentaltargets, and advance the development of circulareconomy. We will make all-round efforts to save energy,water, land and materials and make comprehensiveuse of all kinds of resources, enhance the conservationand management of all natural resources, and take aholistic approach to protect and repair the eco-environment. We will energetically develop low-carbonindustrial, construction and transport systems,increase the carbon sink effect of our forests and speedup R&D, demonstration and industrial application oflow-carbon technologies. We will comprehensivelyenhance our capacity for tackling climate change, andactively carry out international co-operation on climatechange under the principle of "common butdifferentiated responsibilities". nThe above remarks by H.E. Wen Jiabao, the PrimeMinister of the People's Republic of China, areexcerpted from his address at the the openingceremony of the World Economic Forum's AnnualMeeting of the New Champions 2010 in on Tianjin, 13September 2010. Further information is available at:www.chinese-embassy.org.uk.
" "IN COPENHAGEN,WE ALL MADECOMMITMENTS.US$30 BILLIONPER YEAR FOR FAST START, US$100BILLION FOR DEVELOPMENT s the future president of the G20 and theG8, France will strive to promote the ideaof innovative financing, said NicolasSarkozy, President of the FrenchRepublic, at the 65th United Nations GeneralAssembly Summit in New York. For the Fast Startcommitments from Copenhagem to be met, countriesmust find new sources of financing now, warned the President.Ten years ago, the world decided to reduce extremepoverty by half; to guarantee education for all children;to cut infant mortality by two thirds; to improvematernal health; to combat AIDS and malaria; and topromote gender equality.That was 10 years ago. Considerable progress has beenmade, but we still have a very long road ahead of us.We have five years to meet our objectives.During the past two years, the world has experiencedan unprecedented economic crisis. That raises thequestion: will we use the crisis as a pretext to do less,or, on the contrary, will we give ourselves a necessaryjump-start, will we fulfil our promises?France has decided to mobilise. We are the world'ssecond largest official development assistance donor,providing ?10 billion annually. And even though wewere already the second-largest contributor to theGlobal Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria,we decided to increase our contribution by 20 per centduring the next three years. Not only do we not wish todecrease our contribution, not only do we not wish tomaintain it at its current level - we will increase it by20 per cent.While the crisis is severe in the wealthy countries,where it is creating deficits, its consequences aremuch harsher in the poor countries. So we do not havethe right to do less. And with regard to our decision, wehope that all the developed countries will decide to domore and, naturally, to help Africa on a priority basis.I also want to share my conviction that we will notsucceed with public funds alone; the private sectormust join in our effort. Indeed, as the future presidentof the G20 and the G8, I will attend the African Unionsummit at the end of January in Addis Ababa, andduring the year of my G20 and G8 presidency, I willstrive to promote the idea of innovative financingchampioned by Bernard Kouchner.At a time when all the developed countries are runningdeficits, I also want to express my conviction that wemust find new sources of financing to fight againstpoverty, on behalf of education, and to resolve themajor health problems in Africa. We can decide here toimplement innovative financing, the taxation offinancial transactions. Why wait? Finance has beenglobalised. Why should not we demand that financecontribute to stabilising the world through a minusculetax on each financial transaction?In Copenhagen, we all made commitments. US$30billion per year for Fast Start, US$100 billion fordevelopment. We will not meet our deadlines if we donot move forward on innovative financing. As futurepresident of the G20 and the G8, we will fight to developthis idea. It is essential and our credibility is at state.To conclude, let me add once again that we need tokeep our commitments to finance development,conceive of innovative financing and give Africa itsrightful place, notably in new global governance. I willreiterate that tirelessly from this podium. This is theWILL AND DETERMINATION100 G-20 MEMBERSNICOLAS SARKOZY,PRESIDENT, THE FRENCH REPUBLIC APhoto: The French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs