Above The Mall will provide the finish line for the cycling road races and the marathons Below Lord's Cricket Ground will stage archery eventsRight The Lee Valley White Water Centre will host the canoe slalom events46 OLYMPIC REVIEW LONDON 2012 VENUESRest Of LondonEarls Court Earls Court has been transformed into a volleyball arena ready for the Games. From exhibitions and conferences to live music, Earls Court holds hundreds of events each year. It first opened its doors in 1937, at the time providing an unprecedented 40,000 square metres of exhibition space.ExCeLExCeL is an existing exhibition and conference centre in London's Docklands in the east of the city. Its five arenas will host seven Olympic sports (table tennis, judo, wrestling, fencing, taekwondo, boxing and weightlifting).Greenwich ParkLondon's oldest Royal Park dates back to 1433 and has been a World Heritage Site since 1997, with the Royal Observatory and the Greenwich meridian both lying within the park. During London 2012, the park will host the Olympic equestrian competitions, plus the combined running and shooting event of the modern pentathlon, with the city's financial district providing a stunning backdrop.Hampton Court PalaceThe cycling time trial will take place on the roads around the stunning Hampton Court Palace, formerly home to many British monarchs, including Henry VIII. Hyde ParkSpectators in Hyde Park will enjoy a grandstand view of the finishing area for the London 2012 triathlon, with many thousands more able to watch as the athletes swim, cycle and run on the course. The largest of London's Royal Parks, Hyde Park has been open to the public since 1637. Lord's Cricket GroundLord's is the home ground of the Marylebone Cricket Club and Middlesex County Cricket Club. It has been a venue for top-class cricket since 1814 and regularly hosts international matches. It will host the Olympic archery competition during London 2012. The MallThe Mall, which runs from Buckingham Palace to Trafalgar Square, was created as a ceremonial route in the early 20th century. To this day, it remains a popular backdrop for formal ceremonies and major sporting events, such as the London Marathon. The Olympic marathons and the Olympic cycling road races will start and finish here, with thousands of fans expected to line the route.The palace is also home to the oldest surviving real tennis court in England, one of fewer than 50 real tennis courts in the world.Horse Guards ParadeHorse Guards Parade lies at the heart of Whitehall - the political centre of the UK. It is close to Downing Street and a short walk across St James's Park from Buckingham Palace. The Parade dates from 1745 and takes its name from the soldiers who have provided protection for the British monarch since 1660. The beach volleyball competitions will take place here.
OLYMPIC REVIEW 47LONDON 2012 VENUESNorth Greenwich ArenaNorth Greenwich Arena sits on the point of the Greenwich peninsula, right on the Meridian Line. It is just across the Thames from the mouth of the River Lea, which flows through the Olympic Park. It will host artistic gymnastics, trampoline and basketball finals.Royal Artillery BarracksThe London port of Woolwich has a long military history and the construction of the current Royal Artillery Barracks buildings began in 1776. Four temporary indoor ranges for pistol and rifle shooting have been built, together with outdoor shotgun ranges for trap and skeet events. Temporary spectator grandstands will be erected at each shooting range.Wembley ArenaOpened in 1934, Wembley Arena is a flagship live music and sport venue, which will host the badminton and rhythmic gymnastics events at the London 2012 Olympic Games.Wembley Stadium Wembley Stadium is in northwest London, around six miles from the city centre, and comes complete with a sliding roof to protect against inclement weather. The site that hosted the 1948 Olympic Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies now boasts a stadium with a capacity of 90,000 and will host events in both the men's and women's football competition, including the gold medal matches.WimbledonThe tennis competition during London 2012 will be held on the venerable grass courts of the All England Club in Wimbledon, which already has its own Olympic history, having staged the tennis competition when London first hosted the Olympic Games in 1908. The venue is the home of the Wimbledon Championships - one of the four Grand Slam tennis events - which were first held in 1877.Rest Of BritainCity of Coventry Stadium, Coventry The stadium was built in 2005 and is home to Coventry City football club, currently in the second tier of English Football. Coventry has also been confirmed as a London 2012 Live Site venue, which will see a big screen installed at Coventry Transport Museum in the city centre.Eton Dorney, EtonIn full view of Windsor Castle, the royal residence of Queen Elizabeth II, Eton Dorney will be the venue for rowing and canoe sprint events during the London 2012 Games. Hadleigh Farm, EssexThe terrain of the mountain bike course is hilly with open grassland covered by low shrubbery. The site offers some fantastic gradients for mountain biking and great viewing opportunities for spectators. The course is set against the backdrop of the 700-year-old ruins of Hadleigh Castle.Hampden Park, GlasgowHampden Park is home to Scotland's national football team. It recently underwent a GBP70 million refurbishment and is now rated as a five-star venue.Lee Valley White Water Centre, HertfordshireThe Lee Valley White Water Centre, located in Hertfordshire, 30km north of the Olympic Park, will host the canoe slalom competition. Approximately 15 cubic metres of water per second will flow into the 300m competition course - enough to fill a 50m swimming pool every minute.Millennium Stadium, CardiffOpened in 1999, the Millennium Stadium is located on the banks of the River Taff, right in the heart of Cardiff, the Welsh capital. It has the honour of hosting the very first event of the Olympic Games, as the women's football starts on 25 July. It will also host the men's bronze medal football match.Old Trafford, ManchesterThe 'Theatre of Dreams' is home to Manchester United football club. It first opened in 1910 and recently expanded to close to 76,000 seats, making it the second largest football ground in the UK (after London's Wembley Stadium).St James' ParkHome of Newcastle United football club, St James' Park is the oldest and - with a capacity of 52,387 - largest football stadium in the North East of England.Weymouth Bay and Portland Harbour Weymouth and Portland provide some of the best natural sailing waters in the UK, with facilities on land to match. The site has already hosted numerous international sailing events, including the 2006 ISAF World Youth Championships, in which over 60 nations competed.