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3 TYPESOFALTERNATIVEDISPUTERESOLUTION ThemostcommonlyutilizedADRmechanismsarenegotiation, mediation, neutral evaluation, andarbitration. NEGOTIATION Negotiationisaprocessinwhichparties attempttoresolvetheirdisputeswithout theassistanceofathirdpartyneutral. The resolutionisnotfinalandbindingunless thepartieshavesignedasettlement agreementmemorializingtheircompromise. MEDIATION Inmediation, aspeciallytrainedneutral thirdparty( mediator) helpsdisputants identifyissues, clarifyperceptions, and exploreoptionsforamutuallyacceptable outcome. Ingeneral, mediatorsdonotoffer theirownopinionsregardinglikelycourt outcomesorthemeritsofthecase. Instead, mediatorsfacilitatetheparties'settlement discussionbyfocusingontheparties' interestsratherthantheirlegalpositions, anddevelopingcreativesolutions. ARBITRATION Arbitrationisabinding, adversarialprocess inwhichthedisputingpartieschooseoneor moretrainedneutrals( arbitrators) tohear theirdisputeandtorenderafinaldecision ( an" award") afterahearing. NEUTRALEVALUATION NeutralEvaluationisanon- binding, confidentialprocessinwhichaneutralthird partywithsubjectmatterexpertisehears abbreviatedargumentsandoffersan evaluationoflikelyoutcomesinaneffortto promotesettlement. Theneutralevaluator mayalsoprovidecaseplanningguidance andsettlementassistancewiththeparties' consent. Thisprocessisavaluable supplementtojudicialcasemanagement becauseitofferspartiesconfidential assessmentofthestrengthsandweaknesses oftheircase. AttorneystypicallyplayaroleinADRprocesses, dependinguponthenatureofthe disputeandthetypeofprocess. Insomeprocesses, attorneysaccompanyclientsand participateeitherascounselorsorasadvocates. Inothers, attorneysmayserveasa " neutral" whoseroleistohelppartiesresolvethedisputeandwhoarenotassociated withoneparticularsideofthedispute. Finally, somelawyersareinvolvedinADR organizationsasprogrambuilders/ administratorsratherthanaspractitioners themselves. VirtuallyalllawyerssignificantlyinvolvedinADRhavepursuedatleast someformalADRtraining.

4 THEODOREW. KHEELCENTER ONTHERESOLUTIONOF ENVIRONMENTALINTERESTDISPUTES PaceLawSchoolcreatedtheKheelCenterontheResolutionof EnvironmentalInterestDisputesinAprilof2008withthesupportofa generousgrantbythewell- knownlaborarbitratorandmediator, TheodoreKheel. TheKheelCenterfocusesonthepracticesoflawyers whoseclients'problemsandconflictsarebestresolvedoutside traditionallitigationandadjudicationforums. Itsmissionistotrainlaw studentsandlawyersinthenewskillsthatpracticinglawyersneedin anageofclimatechangeandacutepressuresonlandandnon-renewableresourceswhererightsarelessdeveloped, multipleparties areinvolved, andscienceisimprecise. CoursesandContinuingLegal EducationPrograms– andresearchandpublishingopportunities– offeredbytheKheelCenterwillconcentrateonavarietyofskillsthat newenvironmentallawyerswillrequire, including:  Understandingallformsofdisputeresolutionandconflict management— processesandtheories;  Factgathering, marshalling, analysis, andissueidentificationin theenvironmentalfield;  Clientcounseling, knowingbusinessmodelandbusiness interests, dispellingmisconceptionsandnegativebiasesabout ADR, andunderstandingthecostsandbenefitsofADR;  Problemsolving, stakeholderidentification, jointfactfinding, framingandreframing, anddeliberatinginthefaceof complexityandscientificuncertainty;